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Myanmar Culture Essay Introductions

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An Introduction to Burma (Myanmar)

Burma, or Myanmar as it is called by the Military Junta, is a country where magnificent and ancient Buddhist temples gaze out serenely over a nation restless for change. Burma has plenty of wonders for the eye --sinuous, life-giving rivers, lush mountain forests, and intricately-drawn cities--but it can also trouble the soul. For the last 30 years, its people have been ruled by a notoriously repressive military government, the tatmadaw.

Travel to Burma is as a result a rather vexed moral question, as the bulk of tourist revenue falls into the government's coffers. Against this coldly financial argument, however, is the notion that interaction with Burma's people and culture helps to encourage change. Both perspectives have their defenders; we at Interknowledge leave the decision to you.

Location, Geography, Climate

Burma's coastline defines the eastern shore of the Bay of Bengal, running from the Bangladesh border in the northwest down to the Malay Peninsula and Thai territory in the southeast. Southern Burma consists largely of the western slopes of the Bilauktaung Range, which constitutes the northern base of the Malay Peninsula. Northern Burma, which comprises the great bulk of the country's area, consists largely of the broad river valley of the Irrawaddy. Originating high up in the very eastern extremity of the Himalayas, the Irrawaddy rushes down through great mountain gorges in northern Burma before spreading out into one of the largest river deltas in Asia. Both of Burma's principal cities--Rangoon and Mandalay--are situated along the Irrawaddy, and the 1,000 mi (1,600 km) river is navigable for almost two thirds of its length. The Irrawaddy valley is surrounded by a great horseshoe of mountain ranges, which rise in the east to the highlands of the Shan Plateau.

The vast majority of Burma's people live in the lowland regions of this river valley, in the Irrawaddy basin. This fertile expanse, which sits within the tropical monsoon belt, is one of the world's great rice-growing regions. Burma's population includes dozens of different racial and ethnic groups, including the Mon, Burmans, Kachins, Chins, Shans, Rakhine, and Karens, each of which have historically dominated a particular area of the country. Although Burmese is the major and official language, more than a hundred local and regional dialects are spoken throughout Burma.

History and Culture

Sometime in the first few centuries before Christ, a people called the Mons wound their way out of central Asia and down to the Thanlwin and Sittoung rivers. They spoke a dialect of the Mon-Khmer family of languages, and they were the first people known to inhabit what is now Burma. The Mons called the region the land of gold, practiced Buddhism, and traded with India's great king Ashoka.

The Mons were not to be the only people in Burma for long. A few centuries later, the Pyu people arrived from Tibet, and they were followed by the Bamars who settled along the rich Irrawaddy river, which they controlled from Pagan.

It was the Bamars who established the First Burmese Empire. Under King Anawrata, they conquered the Mon capital of Thaton and took a legendary 30,000 prisoners back to Pagan. The subtle appeal of the Buddhism the Mon practiced became a powerful conduit of their culture (a pattern seen in India as well) and Anawrata himself converted to Buddhism. The Bamars even adopted the Mon language. The Mons were not, apparently, very much appeased by these signs of cultural appreciation, as they later rebelled and killed Anawrata's son. They were quickly crushed by Kyanzitta, a Bamar general who soon assumed rulership.

Kyanzitta's rise marked the beginning of Burma's golden age, when the bounty of rice irrigated by the Irrawady nourished civilization as it never had before. Thousands of temples were built, and the arts flourished. The kingdom's health didn't last long, however. Within a century, Kublai Khan appeared on the horizon, at the head of Mongol armies that were in their time the most powerful military forces on earth. The Khan's demand for tribute was met with defiance by the Burmese King Narathihapate, and the Mongol invasion started to roll in. Ironically, it was not the ferocious Mongols who posed the greatest threat to Narathihapate: he was poisoned by his son, who later lost the kingdom to the Mongols in 1287 at the battle of Vochan.

The Mons and the Bamar withdrew to the South, where they founded the enchanting city of Bago. In the North, descendants of the Tai people, called the Shan, founded a kingdom at Innwa. Soon the Mons and the Shan went to war, at almost exactly the time the Europeans started moving into Asia.

It was Nicoto di Conti, a Venetian, who was the first European to encounter Burma. Di Conti visited Bago in 1435 and stayed for four months. In 1498, the Portugeuse Vasco de Gama found a sea route to India, opening wide the path to Asia. Soon the Portugeuse had a colony in India at Goa, which they used as a base for eastern trade. De Gama's countryman Anthony Correa made the first trade agreement in Burma with the viceroy of Martaban in 1519. The viceroy's king, Tabinshweti, disapproved of the agreement, which was settled without his consent. Tabinshweti attacked Martaban in 1541, and, surprisingly, 700 Portuguese fought on his side. The Loyalist Portuguese retreated to Rahkine, another of the region's kingdoms, and allied themselves with the monarch of Myohuang.

In 1600, a Portuguese cabin-boy named Philip de Brito y Nicote came to Burma, beginning one of the most legendary tales in Burma's history. De Brito took a job with the king of Rahkine, who had by that time conquered Bago, and soon started constructing forts in the city. De Brito then took a trip to Goa, married the viceroy's daughter, and returned to Bago with men and weapons. As a wedding present to himself, he conquered Burma, declared himself king, and set about destroying Buddhist temples. De Brito ruled for 13 years, until the locals finally laid siege to his fortress. After 34 days the bastion fell, and the foreign tyrant was coolly impaled on a wooden stake, his grueling execution lasting three days.

Despite the fall of De Brito's personal kingdom, the European presence in Burma was there to stay, especially that of the British. Along the with French and Dutch, the British had colonies in Burma by the mid-17th century, although a Bamar king named Alaungpaya kicked out both the French and the British later in the century. Alaungpaya conquered Rahkine, extending his border all the way to the Bengal border, until the British Raj in nearby India decided that he had come too close for their comfort. The British invaded Burma in 1819, conquering Rahkine, Tanintharyi, Assam, and Manipur. In 1852, they extended their control to Lower Burma. By 1886, they had annexed the entire country as a province of India and ruled it through the Raj.

As Asian independence movements began to cause problems for the British empire around the turn of the century, the British decided that it might be wise to grant some degree of autonomy in Burma. The symbolic gesture was unsurprisingly insufficient, and in 1930 a Burman named Saya San led a major armed rebellion against the British. The revolt was quashed and San executed, but the experience did inspire Britain to make Burma a separate colony. This slight rise in status was not enough, however, for Thakin Aung San, a student leader who spoke out eloquently for independence.

San was eventually arrested for his statements, but he escaped to China, where he collaborated with the Japanese. The Japanese made him promises of independence, provided he help them oust the British. In 1941, the Japanese and San did exactly that. In a legendary retreat, the British lost thousands of men, vowing to return. The allies were eventually able to take Burma back, but only after four years of incredibly arduous and deadly fighting. Aung San, who realized that the Japanese had their own imperialistic interests in his country, eventually sided with the allies.

The British granted independence to Burma in 1947, though they were worried that local fighting would erupt soon afterward. Aung San, who was ostensibly to have been the new leader, was assassinated the same year, and his colleague Thankin Nu became president. Thankin Nu stayed in power only briefly, asking General Ne Win to assume control as soon as the first signs of civil unrest erupted in 1958. Nu returned to power in 1960, partly because he promised the Mon and Rakhine semi-autonomy. Nu's refusal to grant the same status to the Shan and the Kayins prompted another rebellion in 1962, and this time General Ne Win assumed control without waiting to be asked.

Ne Win, a radical communist, had Nu arrested and isolated the country, at the same time declaring the tatmadaw, or military government. After Nu was released in 1966, he fled the country and began to organize a rebellion. His forces managed to hold some land in 1971, but they were eventually thrown out. In 1981, Ne Win stepped down, granting amnesty to all political enemies. Nu returned home and died peacefully.

In 1988, a huge demonstration led by students resulted in a violent crackdown by the tatmadaw, who agreed to democratic elections in 1989. When the National League for Democracy (NLD) won 60 percent of the votes, however, the tatmadaw declared the elections invalid, as no agreement had been reached on the role of the new leaders. Since that time the military government has made repeated gestures toward democratic government, although they have in fact taken no real steps in that direction. The democracy movement's current leader, Aung San Suu Kyi (the daughter of Aung San), was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 while under house arrest. Suu Kyi continues to lead the movement today.

Copyright (c) 1996-2005 interKnowledge Corp. All rights reserved.

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About Us More About Us Introduction To Indo Myanmar Relations History Essay

Published: 23, March 2015

Myanmar is geographically situated at the tri-junction of East, South and South East Asia, with its northern borders touching Bangladesh, China and the sensitive eastern frontiers of India. It is the second largest neighbour of India, the largest on the eastern borders.

An important country on the rim of the Bay of Bengal, Myanmar is spread across India's south-eastern trade routes. While India and Myanmar share a land border of 1640 kilometres and a maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal, the latter has a lengthy border with China in the north which is in close proximity with the Sino-Indian disputed border. This geographical closeness of China causes the Indo-Burmese relations to be placed on a pedestal of strategic importance. Understandably, a hostile Myanmar playing host to foreign navy poses a threat to Indian security.

Childhood Friends Subsequently Estranged

Following its independence from Great Britain in 1948, Myanmar played a major role in the emerging Asian solidarity. Having been a staunch supporter of Burmese independence allowed India to foster strong diplomatic relations with Myanmar at an early stage. Additionally, Myanmar, having been a province of India, had a sizeable Indian community that provided substance to the relationship. Both the countries enjoyed cultural links, flourishing trade and commerce and common interests in regional affairs. Consequently, Myanmar was provided with vital Indian support in its struggle against regional insurgencies.

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The souring of India's relations with Myanmar was precipitated in 1962 by the overthrow of Democracy and the establishment of military control in Myanmar. The subsequent period of intense xenophobia and insularity pushed Myanmar into near isolation. India, echoing the predominant sentiments of the world, condemned the suppression of democracy which led to them severing ties with India. The military government went to the extent to order the expulsion of the Indian community situated in Myanmar. Thus, while Myanmar increasingly isolated itself from the rest of the world including India, only China continued to retain its close links with Myanmar.

In 1988, Indo-Burmese relations took a turn for the worse with the military regime's repression of the pro-democracy agitations. India, much to the displeasure of Myanmar, had opened its doors to the refugees who had fled the brutal military crackdown, and saw a large scale influx of Burmese refugees.

Idealism to Realism: Factors Causing the Shift

There was a conspicuous shift in India's stance towards Myanmar, one that was attributed to the evolution of Indian foreign policy from Nehruvian idealism to realism. In the context of Indo-Burmese relations, it is believed that the idealist phase lasted for about three decades following 1962, during which India had very little to do with Myanmar which existed under a self-imposed isolationism. Subsequently in 1988, India was forced to reconsider its relations with its neighbour following the uprising and the influx of refugees into north-east Indian camps. However, the idealist phase lingered on between 1988 and 1992 as the Indian policy vacillated between adopting a pro-democracy stand and continuing with diplomatic isolation.

The year 1993 witnessed a new dawn in the history of Indo-Burmese relations with the Indian Government taking a clear stand and making attempts to overcome the bad blood brewing between the two nations. India had shifted from an idealist or moralistic foreign policy to a realistic or pragmatic one, and the "Look East" Policy was the main driving force behind this shift. Indeed, it was the new Look East Policy that led to the realisation that isolating and ignoring a strategic neighbour such as Myanmar was not an option and that there was a need to establish close links with Myanmar. Myanmar was to be profitably utilised as a natural land bridge linking South and Southeast Asia with India.

In addition to the Look East Policy, this attempt was motivated by the rising consciousness in India of a need to counter the growing influence of China. In the years of India's diplomatic neglect towards Myanmar, China had successfully filled the diplomatic vacuum by forging and strengthening its ties with the military regime of Myanmar. China's extensive military cooperation, contribution in developing Burmese infrastructure, intelligence facilities and industries, supplying of military hardware and modernising naval bases allowed China to from strong relations with the country. China had also developed a strategically important Burmese seaport and naval base located close to Kolkata. India, therefore, felt an urgent need to ensure its national security by fostering congenial relations with Myanmar.

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It is believed, however, that the decisive shift towards realism occurred post-1998 when India began to view Myanmar as a land and sea bridge towards the Asian region. Thus, a reconstruction of India's foreign policy aimed at greater engagement with Myanmar involved a decision by India not to interfere in the internal affairs of the country, instead to engage its military regime in efforts towards economic cooperation.

The Burmese Government, under economic and political sanctions imposed by the United States and the European Union, did not entertain hopes of obtaining any aid from those quarters. Further, although Myanmar had been admitted into ASEAN, its prospects of receiving any major economic help were bleak. China had undertaken some significant infrastructure development projects in Myanmar; however, to singlehandedly satisfy Myanmar's foreign aid and investment requirements was beyond China's capabilities. Therefore, it was believed a helping hand offered by India would be welcomed by the Burmese Government.

Similarly, India's policy of increased engagement was based on the reasoning that it was better to engage Myanmar than to ostracise it. Myanmar being India's gateway to ASEAN, India was determined to engage the region.

International Loss of Face

India's decision to deal with Myanmar's military regime did not escape international criticism. In what had drawn overwhelming international condemnation, India treaded cautiously in establishing its stand on the anti-government protests that Myanmar witnessed in 2007. The Indian Government declared that it had no intention of interfering in Myanmar's internal affairs and that the Burmese people would have to achieve democracy themselves. Such a response had drawn flak from all quarters and was perceived as having weakened India's credentials as a leading democratic nation. Therefore, while India's relationship with Myanmar was burgeoning, the rest of the world felt that it was India's economic and military support to Myanmar that made the military regime's survival possible, especially in the face of international sanctions.

Although China had been conspicuously silent on the issue, the international community appeared to be excusing China on the justification that China itself being a "dictatorship" would necessarily support another. India was not as lucky and its soft approach was attacked as being an attempt to tap on the trade potential with and influence over the energy-rich Myanmar. It was also felt, and correctly so, that like China, India was keen on exploiting Myanmar's huge oil and gas resources.

Conclusion and Future Course of Action

Although India's interests in the long run would be better served with democracy in Myanmar, under the present circumstances, the strategic and security considerations outweigh India's concern for democracy in Myanmar. Despite India's improving relations with China, the Chinese stronghold over Myanmar is of significant concern. Similarly, it is in Myanmar's interests to have an alternative source in India for its economic betterment.

India should not reverse its policy of doing business with the military regime in Myanmar as such a pullback would amount to repeating a blunder and would allow China to get further ahead. Already India is unable to match what China can offer to Myanmar - in terms of military equipment supplies and the use of the veto in Myanmar's favour at the Security Council.

Western criticisms of India's Myanmar policy appear to be unfair as it is India that shares borders with Myanmar, while the nations imposing sanctions against Myanmar do not. Moreover, their present and potential economic investment in Myanmar cannot compare to India's. India must not succumb to international pressure, and continue building ties with Myanmar. After all, if India were to do business only with democracies, it would be very difficult for it to find suitable partners in its neighbourhood.

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Myanmar Tourism - College Essay - 2545 Words

Myanmar Tourism

Myanmar well known us Burma. Myanmar sits at the crossroads of Asia’s great civilisations of India and China, and looks out onto the vast Indian Ocean next to Thailand. One of South East Asia’s largest and most diverse countries, Myanmar stretches from the sparkling islands of the Andaman Sea in the south right up into the Eastern Himalayan mountain range. To this day Myanmar remains one of the most mysterious and undiscovered destinations in the world. A land of breathtaking beauty and untouched things transforming into modernized world. Fast facts

Myanmar is an ethnically diverse nation with 135 distinct ethnic group officially recognized by Myanmar government. These are grouped into eight major national ethnic races such as Kachin, Kayar, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine, and Shan.

The "major national ethnic races" are grouped primarily according to region rather than linguistic or ethnic affiliation, as for example the Shan Major National Ethnic Race includes 33 ethnic groups speaking languages in at least four widely differing language families. Burmese is the majority and official language. For the religion status of Myanmar, there are Buddhist, Christian, Muslim and others. But people can freely worship any religion as they desired. Among them Buddhist religious is much common in Myanmar as it is originally Buddhist country. Myanmar traditions and customs are unique and they have large varieties of cultures. Such as Arts and heritages, for examples Pagodas, ancient buildings, and unique traditional festivals such as water festivals and events such as Fire balloon competitions are the most popular among the tourists. Buddha sculptures and monasteries are the significant of Myanmar and well known as “Golden Land”. For economy status, Myanmar is a resource rich country and has large varieties of natural resources such as nature gases, timber, jades, petroleum and others resources but shortcoming of government controls and weak rule of law, most of the people are in economic poverty. There is a significant gap between two layers of people and suffering rural poverty. Accordingly to the political conflicts, Myanmar is under the economic sanctions from western countries. Myanmar is divided into 14 distinct and regions and the first capital was Yangon, which is the main economic city and now is Nay Pyi Taw, where changed into office and administrative city after new election.

Tourism Industry
Although Myanmar has great tourist potential and attractions in many fields, much of the industry remains to be developed. Also, the number of visitors to Burma is comparatively small compared to her neighbour’s countries. The primarily factor most impact on Myanmar tourism is Political influence and its consequences.

But however, from the research from Myanmar ministry of hotels & tourism, Myanmar has tourism strength categorised by market interest in culture, multi cities trip, eco and soft adventure, pilgrimage and special event tourism.

Status of Myanmar tourism is very significant among than others ASEAN countries. We can see that two significant colour, black and white of the Myanmar tourism era, before new democratic government and after military dictatorship. Before 2011, past two decade, Myanmar tourism was going under silence and it is a slowly growing sector. Outbound tourism is higher than inbound tourism. Local domestic tourism demand within the country only runs the tourism industry.

As Myanmar is a religious oriented country, local demands are high in religious and Pilgrimage tourism most because of the government and local societies and religious organizations were promoting and supporting in religious and Pilgrimage tourism as the country is Buddhist country. So Myanmar local tourism demand is high in religious, Pilgrimage, and meditation tourism.

For leisure activities tourism and others unique ethnic festivals or events tourism, only few layer of people can.

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Irrawaddy Literary Festival (Myanmar ) 3-2-2013 The Role of Myanmar Poems in Environmental Conservation I would first like to express my thanks to the organizers of the Irrawaddy Literature Festival for this opportunity to discuss my “view on the significant role of Myanmar traditional Literature.

Thingyan is probably the most celebrated, most joyous event in the culture and custom of Myanmar people. From the poorest to the richest in Myanmar . this is the greatest event for the year. Every body, poor, rich, uneducated, educated, young and old all participate and enjoy in this once a year event.

Thingyan festival – Water FestivalMyanmar New Year - in April The country Myanmar is Known as the "Golden Land" in the world since every pagoda is decorated and painted with gold. Myanmar is full of very colourful and deep rooted festivals . There are 13 most popular year around festivals in Myanmar.

* Myanmar –an Introduction 2 * Politic and Tourism 3 * Economic Development 5 * Conclusion 6 * References Myanmar Tourism Industry and Socio-economic changes / Introduction.

MY COUNTRY (MYANMAR ) There is no one in the world who does not love his, or her motherland. Even birds adore their nests. Being humans, we all treasure our countries. Additionally, all want to serve for their countries in each role. Like everyone, I am dare of my country. The name of my country.

of the world with great zeal and enthusiasm. It is a harvest festival which is basically celebrated in the Hindu communities. In Indian, the states of Bihar, Bengal, Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu celebrate the festival with great fervor and gusto. Now I will tell Harsh to share.

Chinese New Year or Spring Festival is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays. It is sometimes called the Lunar New Year, especially by people outside China. The festival traditionally begins on the first day of the first lunar month (Chinese: 正月; pinyin: zhēng yuè) in the Chinese calendar.

WEEK 4 ASSIGNMENT 1 ENTRY INTO FOREIGN MARKET As a consultant you have been asked to prepare a report on the pros and cons of market entry into Myanmar . the best means to enter, and potential difficulties if the company enters. The CFO has prepared a report stating that the break-even analysis supports.

I was born in Mandalay, Myanmar . I finished high school in 2000. I took English Language Training Course in March, 2000. I also took German Course at the University of Foreign Languages in Mandalay, Myanmar . In 2001, I had a chance to attend the Tour Guide Training Course under the Ministry of Hotel.

Political characteristics of Burma Abstract Burma, also called Myanmar ,bounded on the west by Bangladesh;on the northwest by India’s Assam State;on the northeast by China’s Yunnan Province.It ‘s known as Burma until 1918. Since its establishment in 1990s, three comprehensive constitutions.

Experience in three different country. When I was young I live in my beautiful country Myanmar . in 2008 my family and I went to Malaysia and in 2010 I am finally here in US. The reason why we don’t live in Myanmar is not because we don’t like our country but because we want a better life. My parents.

Sandra Scott Sandra ScottDestinations Travel Examiner * Subscribe Advertisement * Share on Facebook * + February 12, 2012 Myanmar is an amazing country with many unique place to visit and things to experience. Hotels and flights can be booked via Amazing Resorts. Yangon: While Yangon is no.

The Qingming (Pure Brightness) Festival is one of the 24 seasonal division points in China, falling on April 4-6 each year. After the festival . the temperature will rise up and rainfall increases. It is the high time for spring plowing and sowing. But the Qingming Festival is not only a seasonal point.

My Country Myanmar . one of the most pleasant countries of the World, is my beloved country. It is situated in southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and northeast by China; on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west.

India is a city of FAIRS AND festivals but imagine if there were no festivals what would happen? I know a life without these amazing festivals would become like hell. Firstly we would have no holidays and secondly no celebrations .and as we all know a normal routine life is really boring .following.

wastewater as a waste, but as a resource, full of nutrients that can be recycled and reused. Let us consider the case of the recent landslides in Myanmar . An estimated 70 percent of the population resides in rural areas, most engaging in agricultural activities. Poverty is both the cause and result of.

of Home Affairs. * A total of 13 Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) are proposed to be constructed on our borders with Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Myanmar at a total estimated cost of Rs. 734 crore. During the first phase, four ICPs willYear-wise allocations/releases of funds to the States/UTsunder State.

National Artifact My name is Hay Mann Zaw. I’m a second year student majoring in Social Science at Chiang Mai University. I am a Myanmar who has been living in Mandalay, Myanmar my whole life until I came to study in Chaing Mai. I am very proud of my hometown and it makes me a nationalist in some ways.

revolving storms is the place they occurred in; Katrina stroke America in 2005 and Nargis hit Myanmar in 2008. The Government response to such natural disaster has an impact on the issue and human life. In Myanmar the military Junta did not want foreign people coming into the country and destabilising their.

Magdalaga Since the Myanmar ancient times, there has been full freedom of worship for followers of Burma religions in Myanmar . So many different religions can be practiced in Myanmar . Buddhism is practiced by almost 90 percent of Myanmar religion Burma's population, with the Myanmar Theravada Buddhism.

during the time of Dragon Boat or Dumpling Festival . One of the dumpling sellers, Loh said that his dumplings would cost 50 sen more this year and another seller, Lor said he will sell his dumplings at the cost RM 2 more until end of the Dumpling Festival period. Normally, the price of ingredients increases.

certain regions) or Deepavali,[1] popularly known as the "festival of lights", is an important five-day festival in Hinduism,Jainism, and Sikhism, occurring between mid-October and mid-November. For Hindus, Diwali is one of the most important festivals of the year and is celebrated in families by performing.

dialect can sometimes make communication difficult. Culture consist language, religion and so on. Examples of languages are In Myanmar they speak Burmese and most of the Myanmar is Buddhism. In Western country they only speak English and most of the western are christen. In India they speak Hindi and most.

economic relationship between two neighboring countries- Bangladesh & Myanmar . Let us take stock of what we have institutionally done so far1. Before independence (in 1966), an agreement to demarcate land boundary was signed with Myanmar ; 2. In 1980, border agreement for cooperation was signed; 3. In 1988.

PressReleasePing First Ever Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan International Festival brings 10 days of music, film art, TEDx, Full and Half Marathon, and Valentine Romance Feb 1423, 2015 The first ever annual festival in the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan brings together 10 days of arts, film, music.

An Essay on the Diwali Festival for School and College Students Essay Diwali is one of the most important festivals of India. The word Diwali is an incorrect from of the word "Dipawali" which means "rows of light". The festival of Diwali takes place on the fifteenth day in the month of Kartik when.

of over 1500 lives. In May 2008, cyclone Nargis flattened buildings, claimed over 100 000 lives, and rendered over 1 million people homeless in Myanmar . The recent earthquake in China, past and recurring hurricanes and The Right to Health in Emergencies: Natural or Man-Made Disasters Obijiofor.

significance to create interest and attract attention”. The most common examples of Hallmark events would be like the Oktoberfest in Munich, The Rainforest festival in Malaysia, the Tour de France and many others. Figure 1.0 Categorization of Events 1.0.2 History & Development of MICE & Events Management.

an m Sum it My P Myanmar Offshore E&P Summit Myanmar 2014 Dec. 18-19, 2014, Yangon, Myanmar The Most Practical Offshore Event in Myanmar shore E& Off E & P mar 2014 an m Sum it My P Research and Presented by Myanmar From Shallow water to.

article: 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings Three explosions went off in the Indian capital of New Delhi on October 29, 2005 (two days before the Hindu festival of Diwali ) which killed more than 60 people and injured at least 200 others. The high number of casualties made the bombings the deadliest attack.

Festivals . Paths to Unity Festivals play a significant role among all religions, but especially among Hindu and Sikh traditions. Every religion has numerous festivals (rituals), but what is the point of having such ceremonies? I believe festivals play an important role in religious life because.

Country Our Country, the Union of Myanmar . is known as the land of golden pagodas. Myanmar is surrounded by big countries like China in the north and India and Bengladish to the west. Thailand and laos lie to the east of Myanmar and the south is the east of Myanmar and the south is the sea. Its area.

districts. and exported to USA, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, Bolivia, Sudan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar . Thailand, Rwanda, Burkina Faso and other countries. Henan Huatai Food & Oil Machinery Engineering Co.,LTD, located in industrial concentration area.

Myanmar Foreign Direct Investment Policy: Should Myanmar place restrictions on MNCs by placing environmental and labour law Executive Summary MNCs are one of the factors to contribute the country’s development. Myanmar’s economy is based on agriculture, and its natural resources. Thus, it has the bargain.

Arts & Crafts of Myanmar Gold Leaf The square gold leaf tissues used for centuries and fragile enough that a breath of the softest wind could crumble them are all hand made in the lovely ancient capital of Mandalay. Only 24 carat gold is used. First, about 200 gm is pulled into thin wires.

factor for the market. Moreover the political turmoil in certain African countries such as Madagascar and the ban on the export of precious gems in Myanmar contribute towards the gap in demand supply chain. Request For TOC@ Report Description Report.

year, a national festival called Hung King temple Festival is held to worship the Hung Kings, who were instrumental in the founding of the nation. The festival used to last for 3 days from the 9th to the 11th of the 3rd month of the lunar calendar (lunar March). From 2010 the festival is from the 1st.

oneself is not the only occurrences of violence in Buddhist history, as Buddhists have also attacked Muslims in different parts of the world. In Myanmar (Burma), Buddhist monks have revolted against Muslim threat, as well as escalate the tension between the two religious groups. This Buddhist extremism.

plate shifting of up to 20 m, causing the earthquake (followed by the tsunami) to be felt simultaneously as far away as Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Myanmar . Thailand, Singapore and the Maldives. Splay faults or secondary "pop up faults" caused long narrow parts of the sea floor to pop up in seconds elevating.

a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi). It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean. Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region.

will have the opportunity to meet people from many different cultures, taste food from around the world, and celebrate some of the richest cultural festivals from the east and west. It also incorporates useful information and fun facts on a diverse range of subjects such as Singapore's history and geography.

nascent insurance markets and provides: Insights into the Cambodian, Cuban and Myanmar insurance industries. Detailed analysis of various factors driving growth in the insurance industries in Cambodia, Cuba and Myanmar . and different challenges posed by these economies. Comprehensive analysis of.

4 Assignment 1 - Entry into Foreign Market As a consultant you have been asked to prepare a report on the pros and cons of market entry into Myanmar . the best means to enter, and potential difficulties if the company enters. The CFO has prepared a report stating that the break-even analysis supports.

Festivals in China and America 外文学院2001级3班 郑晓韵 NO.010214321 Festivals are days or time of religious or other celebrations. Although some festivals are shared and celebrated in many countries all over the world, how people celebrate them and what people do during the festivals are usually.

20-22 Music Dance Theatre Literature Architecture Painting and Sculpture Tourist Attractions – Sport Pg. 23-24 Tourist Attractions – Festivals Pg. 24-33 The Environment Pg. 34-35 Food & Drink Pg. 35-39 Problems, worries, and concerns Pg. 39-40 Personal Safety.

IMPORTANT – Foreigners must obtain a visa before travelling to Myanmar . Please read this information carefully before you complete your application. Once you have completed your application we strongly advice that you keep a copy for your reference. It is strongly recommended that you complete all questions.

Bulnes Festival In Bulnes there is a day in which the people make a big party. That party celebrates the founding of Bulnes. This celebration is in October 3rd and it began 120 years ago. People celebrate this event bye doing a parade, selling almost about everything on stalls, and to end the.

Festivals and rituals with varying purposes took place in various times during the year of traditional European life from the 15th century to the late nineteenth century. Florentine, Lutheran, English, French, and Russian writers observed the diverse intentions concerning both rituals and festivals .

other apex organisation. Major countries of operations are listed below: Afghanistan Mauritius Algeria Mexico Angola Mozambique Bangladesh Myanmar Bhutan Namibia Botswana Nepal Brunei Nigeria Burkina Faso Peru Cambodia Philippines Cameroon Saudi Arabia Chile Senegal Columbia Sri.

Kingdom 3. Indonesia 4. China & Hong Kong 5. Libya 6. Nepal 7. Japan 8. Iran 9. Australia 10. India 11. Singapore 12. Saudi Arabia 13. Myanmar 14. Philippines 15. Virgin Islands, British 16. Bangladesh 17. Germany 18. Korea 19. France 20. Others Table of Content 1. Executive Summary.

Myanmar Tourism Should Take Responsibilities For the Environment Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………………………….1 About Myanmar Tourism……………………………………………………………….2 Negative Impacts of Tourism………………………………………………………….2 Approaches of reducing the impacts……………………………………………….3 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………….

MYANMAR (BURMA) Introduction Myanmar well known us Burma. Myanmar sits at the crossroads of Asia’s great civilisations of India and China, and looks out onto the vast Indian Ocean next to Thailand. One of South East Asia’s largest and most diverse countries, Myanmar stretches from the sparkling islands.

leads to low incentive for inflow investment. North East Region of India is sharing 98 per cent of its border with neighbouring counties viz. Myanmar (1643km), China (1000km), Bhutan (650km), Bangladesh (1640km), Nepal (1,751) as against 2 per cent of its border being shared with the only other.

Malay Festival Hari Raya Aidilfitri Hari Raya Aidilfitri is celebrated by the Muslims people all over the world. “Hari Raya Aidilfitri can also refer as Hari Raya Idul Fitri and also Hari Raya Puasa is the Malay term for the Muslim Festival of Eid ul –Fitr. Hari Raya is also known as Lebaran. Muslims.

com/ITB-305-WK-4-Assignment-1-Entry-into-Foreign-Market-ITB3051.htm As a consultant you have been asked to prepare a report on the pros and cons of market entry into Myanmar . the best means to enter, and potential difficulties if the company enters. The CFO has prepared a report stating that the break-even analysis supports.

Mid-autumn festival is called Tet Trung Thu in Vietnam. It is organized in the middle of the Autumn which is the eighth lunar month of the year. Mid-autumn festival is the festival of the children. From the beginning of the month, people have prepared for the festival with colorful and different shape.

‘There’s no such thing as a natural disaster” –Neil Smith. Critical response essay: Cyclone Nargis, Myanmar (Burma). Neil Smith claims ‘there’s no such thing as a natural disaster. In every phase and aspect of a disaster- causes, vulnerability, preparedness, results and response, and reconstruction’.

the music festival market in UK is remarkable in its size and breadth, with over 600 events held each year (Anderton, C). Meanwhile, the overall commercialization of these UK music festivals in resent years is considerable. Finkel (2010, p. 237) argues that the “degree to which an arts festival is commercialized.

CHINESE FESTIVALS Module Hong Kong and its Neighbours Unit Festivals Programme Outline This is a documentary drama that explores the traditions, customs and rituals behind two Chinese festivals . the Mid-Autumn Festival and the Dragon Boat Festival . Cannie, a T.V. reporter who takes great.

talking about Lantern Festival in Auckland. As one of Auckland's most popular summer events, the Auckland Lantern Festival brings Chinese New Year celebrations to a glowing finale with hundreds of beautiful lanterns, including brand new designs from China. Lantern Festival is the fifteenth of January.