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Alexander The Great Essay, Research Paper

In history there are few people who can be termed ?Great? and even fewer who deserve to be called so. Alexander, the son of King Phillip of the Macedonians, was one of these truly ?Great? people. He not merely ruled the largest know empire, was declared a God, lead his troops in battle, and conquered foreign cities, his first being at the age of sixteen, but he did it all within a thirteen year time period.

Not only did he do all of this, but also it was done within thirteen years. When Alexander became the new King of Macedonia, many believed him to be to young to rule. They felt that he didn?t have the experience needed to be their new leader. They had no way of knowing of the many things that he would come to accomplish in such a short time period.

Alexander?s first great accomplishment occurred when he was just sixteen years old. At this time, his father went away to war leaving Alexander to serve as a regent of Macedon. During his father?s absence, Alexander led an expedition to a wild region that is now known as modern day Bulgaria. Once there, he subdued the rebellious barbarians and established his first city, Alexandropolis. On the return from his trip, King Philip was so impressed by his son?s achievement that he appointed him a general in the royal army. (www.mrdowlings.com)

When Alexander turned his attack towards Persia, his forces were much smaller than his opponent?s. Alexander?s army conquered Persia anyway, by

winning a series of battles in which his troops were better trained and organized than the Persian army. His soldiers also admired Alexander because of his personal participation in the battles. He led his soldiers into battle instead of remaining behind the lines as was common for military leaders to do at that time. This allowed the troops to see that Alexander was sharing their danger, and was not asking them to take any risks he would not take himself. Later on, he once again went to march with his troops across a large body of water on their way to a surprise attack on Craterus. During this invasion, Alexander becomes the first commander to use something like a platoon. A platoon is a military unit that is composed of two or more squads or sections, normally under the command of a lieutenant. His method of crossing the river so long ago is still used today. (Dodge, 19)

In 332 B.C.E. Alexander moved southward into Egypt where he rested his troops. The Egyptians welcomed him as a hero since he freed then from the ruthless Persian rule. For his remarkable accomplishment, the Egyptians crowned him as their new pharaoh and declared him a god. Shortly afterward, he founded the magnificent city of Alexander Egypt, which became the foundation of learning and Egyptian culture. (Burns, 205)

These things are not easy tasks that everybody is capable of doing. In order to conquer such a great landmass, this king must no only have to be an excellent military leader, but a trusted person as well. Then to be named a god is something that very few mortal people have been able to accomplish. Alexander the Great was indeed a person with a trail of great accomplishments, which entitles him to bare the name ?Great.?

Burns, Edward McNall; Hull, Richard W.; Lerner, Robert E.; Mecham, Standish; Ralph, Phillip Lee; Wood, Alan T… World Civilization- Ninth Edition, New York, New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1997

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. Great Captains, Port Washington, New York: Kennikat press, 1968

Mr. Dolings Electronic Passport, www.mrdowling.com Fall 2000

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Alexander the Great - Term Paper

Alexander the Great

From the ages of antiquity and to the present, Alexander is described as a military genius. His accomplishments in the art of war were and still are astounding. Hannibal, Caesar, Frederick, and Napoleon studied his military methods thoroughly and all admitted that without the knowledge they gained from Alexander the Great they would have never been able to accomplish what they did. From one great leader, Napoleon, we hear, “Make offensive war like Alexander, Hannibal, Caesar … read and re-read the history of their campaigns. Model yourself on them … that is the only way to become a great captain.” Invariable were his countless successes, whether he fought against disciplined, highly trained troops or guerilla bands of wild hill tribes, on plains or on mountains, deserts, ravines, marshes or rivers, winter snow or burning sun; weather and darkness were not obstacles. Alexander never wasted time. He always arrived before his enemies expected. His men followed him for more than 21,000 miles because they believed he had their best interests in mind. They always counted on him to lead them to victory after victory and he never failed.

There are many reasons that have been presented of how and why Alexander won every one of his battles. He would achieve his victories by first investigating the land where he wished to advance upon. In order to be sure of the safety of himself and his army he would often explore alone over dangerous terrain. In order for men to respect and follow to the ends of the earth one must risk himself. Before meeting his opponents in battle he would study their psychology, their weapons, and their methods of warfare. If any unexpected emergency erupted his intellect would deal with it immediately. With a mere glance of the battlefield and more specifically his enemy’s army Alexander could see the strong and weak points of his enemy and himself.

ALEXANDER THE GREAT: THE MAN AND HIS ACCOMPLISHMENTS

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ALEXANDER THE GREAT: THE MAN AND HIS ACCOMPLISHMENTS

This research paper summarizes and evaluates Alexander the Great's skills and accomplishments as a military leader and his shortcomings as well as the political gifts which formed part of his complex personality. Alexander (356-323 B.C.) earned the title the Great primarily because of his remarkable military exploits. His accomplishments as a ruler proved to be largely transitory. His lasting legacy was the preservation and spread of Hellenistic culture which his conquests made possible, but which never ran very deep in Persia and regions further to the East.

A king at 19 and dead of fever at 33, Alexander in a relatively brief span of time conquered most of the then known world, often in the face of insuperable odds, during the course of campaigns which involved arduous marches over 17,000 miles. He was able to do so in part because he inherited from his father, King Philip II of Macedon, a superbly trained and disciplined army, a burgeoning alliance with Greek city-states and a sense of mission. He was an exceptionally courageous and inspiring leader of men in arms. His innovations in military tactics enabled his forces to outmaneuver and repeatedly defeat the much more populous and wealthier Persian Empire in five years. He then went on to achieve even more remarkable victories in the remote, forbidding and hostile mountainous and arid regions of Central and South Asia.

During the course of his conquests, Alexander displayed considerable political astuteness which enabled him to exploit weaknesses among his adversaries and to attract allies to his cause. Free of any political ideology other than his belief in the superiority of Greek civilization and his own destiny, he was ruthless toward his enemies but surprisingly moderate toward many individuals and peoples he conquered. He knew how to expand the power and logistical base of his small conquering force by accommo.

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Реферат на тему Alexander The Great Essay Research Paper Who

Alexander The Great Essay, Research Paper

In history there are few people who can be termed ?Great? and even fewer who deserve to be called so. Alexander, the son of King Phillip of the Macedonians, was one of these truly ?Great? people. He not merely ruled the largest know empire, was declared a God, lead his troops in battle, and conquered foreign cities, his first being at the age of sixteen, but he did it all within a thirteen year time period.

Not only did he do all of this, but also it was done within thirteen years. When Alexander became the new King of Macedonia, many believed him to be to young to rule. They felt that he didn?t have the experience needed to be their new leader. They had no way of knowing of the many things that he would come to accomplish in such a short time period.

Alexander?s first great accomplishment occurred when he was just sixteen years old. At this time, his father went away to war leaving Alexander to serve as a regent of Macedon. During his father?s absence, Alexander led an expedition to a wild region that is now known as modern day Bulgaria. Once there, he subdued the rebellious barbarians and established his first city, Alexandropolis. On the return from his trip, King Philip was so impressed by his son?s achievement that he appointed him a general in the royal army. (www.mrdowlings.com)

When Alexander turned his attack towards Persia, his forces were much smaller than his opponent?s. Alexander?s army conquered Persia anyway, by

winning a series of battles in which his troops were better trained and organized than the Persian army. His soldiers also admired Alexander because of his personal participation in the battles. He led his soldiers into battle instead of remaining behind the lines as was common for military leaders to do at that time. This allowed the troops to see that Alexander was sharing their danger, and was not asking them to take any risks he would not take himself. Later on, he once again went to march with his troops across a large body of water on their way to a surprise attack on Craterus. During this invasion, Alexander becomes the first commander to use something like a platoon. A platoon is a military unit that is composed of two or more squads or sections, normally under the command of a lieutenant. His method of crossing the river so long ago is still used today. (Dodge, 19)

In 332 B.C.E. Alexander moved southward into Egypt where he rested his troops. The Egyptians welcomed him as a hero since he freed then from the ruthless Persian rule. For his remarkable accomplishment, the Egyptians crowned him as their new pharaoh and declared him a god. Shortly afterward, he founded the magnificent city of Alexander Egypt, which became the foundation of learning and Egyptian culture. (Burns, 205)

These things are not easy tasks that everybody is capable of doing. In order to conquer such a great landmass, this king must no only have to be an excellent military leader, but a trusted person as well. Then to be named a god is something that very few mortal people have been able to accomplish. Alexander the Great was indeed a person with a trail of great accomplishments, which entitles him to bare the name ?Great.?

Burns, Edward McNall; Hull, Richard W.; Lerner, Robert E.; Mecham, Standish; Ralph, Phillip Lee; Wood, Alan T. World Civilization- Ninth Edition, New York, New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1997

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. Great Captains, Port Washington, New York: Kennikat press, 1968

Mr. Dolings Electronic Passport, http://www.mrdowling.com Fall 2000

FREE Essay on Alexander The Great s Accomplishment

DirectEssays.com Alexander The Great's Accomplishment

Alexander the Great was truly a great man. He accomplished much more in his short life of 33 years than most people can in a life span of 90 years. His conquests took him through Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and all the way through what is now Afghanistan and India. Alexander certainly does deserve the title of great.

No one knows whether or not Alexander had plans for world domination. Even though had achieved greater conquests than any before him, he did not have time to shape the government of the lands he had taken. Undeniably, he was one of the greatest generals of all time and one of the most powerful personalities of ancient times. He used tactics such as dividing his army and attacking from all sides to surround and defeat Darius III at the battle of Issus. He influenced the spread of Hellenism throughout the Middle East and into Asia, establishing city-states modeled on Greek institutions that flourished long after his death.

In 323 BC, Alexander was planning a voyage by sea around Arabia when he caught a fever and died at the age of 33. After his death his generals fell to quarreling about dividing the rule. His only son was Alexander Aegus, born to Roxana, a Bactrian princess after Alexander's death.

So what makes Alexander so great? Just the fact that at his young age he was able to conquer much of the known world and spread his Hellenistic views so well in such a short time span. He did not do a "great” job in passing on his legacy to a family to keep the rule organized and well, but his accomplishments when he was alive were more than enough to gain him glory.

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FREE Essay on Alexander the Great s Accomplishments

DirectEssays.com Alexander the Great's Accomplishments

Alexander deserves to be called Alexander the great because of his accomplishments. To find if Alexander deserves to be called the great, great needs to be defined. Great means of outstanding significance, grand, remarkable or outstanding in magnitude. Alexander had al of these qualities and the following examples will show them. Alexander formed the greatest army in the world and won his battles. He created the Hellenistic world. Alexander was a world conqueror

Alexander was like his father, Philip II. Philip had created a great army. The army had iron weapons and was well organized. The army consisted of archers, the phalanx, and calvary. The army was strong because it had iron weapons different types of fighters. At the battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Phillip defeated the Greeks. After defeating the Greeks, Phillip created the League of Corinth. Phillip was planning to attack the Persian Empire but was murdered by a Macedonian Noble.

After Alexander's father died he took control. He was only twenty years old when he took control. Alexander had a good education and was trained in the art of war. He knew tactics and strategies for war. One of his teachers was a famous philosopher named Aristotle. Alexander read the Iliad by Homer. His heroes were the people in the Iliad. Alexander was very ambitious.

Alexander's goal was to complete his father's plan. He was going to conquer the Persian Empire. Alexander started his army. He believed in Pan Hellenism. He recruited soldiers from the league of Corinth, conquered city-states. Alexander went to Persia to fight. On his way he collected bugs and plants. He brought his teacher Aristotle with him. As his army started winning battles, soldiers came to join his army.

Alexander's army attacked the Persian Empire. The king of the Persian Empire was Darius III. Alexander's army was small compared to the Persian army, but it was better

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FREE Alexander The Great Essay

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Research Paper: Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was born in July 356BC in Pella, Macedonia (Popovic intro). He conquered what was in his time, most of the civilized world. Alexander accomplished greater deeds than any man ever, not only of people before him but also of those after him (Popovic intro). He was one of the greatest military geniuses in the history of the world. Alexander's parents always dreamed of him someday becoming a great leader. Alexander's mother was named Olympias, she was princess of Epirus, a small provincial kingdom. She was also the high priestess of a religious cult. She believed that she was descended from Achilles (Wepman 17). She was a jealous woman and very protective of her son (Popovic intro). Alexander's father, Phillip II of Macedonia was also a great leader and military strategist. When Alexander was young, Greece thought of the Macedonians as barbarians. But in twenty years Phillip made Macedonia more powerful than any other province in Greece. He bought off his enemies so that he would only have to deal with them one at a time (Townson 2). Alexander was very anxious to begin ruling the empire his father had created. Once he said,"My father will get to far ahead and leave nothing for me to do.(Popovic origins). "When Alexander was twelve years old he tamed a horse named Bucephalus, that no one else was able to ride. Phillip was very proud of his son for this accomplishment, he thought that this showed how strong and brave he was. Phillip once said to his son Seek out a kingdom worthy of thyself, for the kingdom of Macedonia is to little for thee (Popovic parents). Even at a young age he showed promise of becoming a great ruler. Growing up, Alexander was trained in the art of war. He learned sword fighting, javelin throwing, horseback riding, and archery (Townson 3). He was well known for his ablility to tame horses. Alexander was given the best education possible in his time.

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Alexander The Great Essay Research Paper Who

In history there are few people who can be termed ?Great? and even fewer who deserve to be called so. Alexander, the son of King Phillip of the Macedonians, was one of these truly ?Great? people. He not merely ruled the largest know empire, was declared a God, lead his troops in battle, and conquered foreign cities, his first being at the age of sixteen, but he did it all within a thirteen year time period.

Not only did he do all of this, but also it was done within thirteen years. When Alexander became the new King of Macedonia, many believed him to be to young to rule. They felt that he didn?t have the experience needed to be their new leader. They had no way of knowing of the many things that he would come to accomplish in such a short time period.

Alexander?s first great accomplishment occurred when he was just sixteen years old. At this time, his father went away to war leaving Alexander to serve as a regent of Macedon. During his father?s absence, Alexander led an expedition to a wild region that is now known as modern day Bulgaria. Once there, he subdued the rebellious barbarians and established his first city, Alexandropolis. On the return from his trip, King Philip was so impressed by his son?s achievement that he appointed him a general in the royal army. (www.mrdowlings.com)

When Alexander turned his attack towards Persia, his forces were much smaller than his opponent?s. Alexander?s army conquered Persia anyway, by

winning a series of battles in which his troops were better trained and organized than the Persian army. His soldiers also admired Alexander because of his personal participation in the battles. He led his soldiers into battle instead of remaining behind the lines as was common for military leaders to do at that time. This allowed the troops to see that Alexander was sharing their danger, and was not asking them to take any risks he would not take himself. Later on, he once again went to march with his troops across a large body of water on their way to a surprise attack on Craterus. During this invasion, Alexander becomes the first commander to use something like a platoon. A platoon is a military unit that is composed of two or more squads or sections, normally under the command of a lieutenant. His method of crossing the river so long ago is still used today. (Dodge, 19)

In 332 B.C.E. Alexander moved southward into Egypt where he rested his troops. The Egyptians welcomed him as a hero since he freed then from the ruthless Persian rule. For his remarkable accomplishment, the Egyptians crowned him as their new pharaoh and declared him a god. Shortly afterward, he founded the magnificent city of Alexander Egypt, which became the foundation of learning and Egyptian culture. (Burns, 205)

These things are not easy tasks that everybody is capable of doing. In order to conquer such a great landmass, this king must no only have to be an excellent military leader, but a trusted person as well. Then to be named a god is something that very few mortal people have been able to accomplish. Alexander the Great was indeed a person with a trail of great accomplishments, which entitles him to bare the name ?Great.?

Burns, Edward McNall; Hull, Richard W.; Lerner, Robert E.; Mecham, Standish; Ralph, Phillip Lee; Wood, Alan T. World Civilization- Ninth Edition, New York, New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1997

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. Great Captains, Port Washington, New York: Kennikat press, 1968

Mr. Dolings Electronic Passport, http://www.mrdowling.com Fall 2000