Sophie School The Final Days Essay Help - Essay for you

Essay for you

Sophie School The Final Days Essay Help

Rating: 4.2/5.0 (22 Votes)

Category: Essay

Description

BBC - Movies - review - Sophie Scholl: The Final Days (Sophie Scholl: Die Letzten Tage)

Munich, 1943: Sophie Scholl (Julia Jentsch), a member of anti-war movment White Rose, is arrested with her brother Hans (Fabian Hinrichs) for distributing leaflets denouncing the Nazis. Interrogated by the Gestapo, she eventually confesses all and is put on trial. These are the events portrayed in Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, a gripping true-life drama from Germany. Tightly focused on Jentsch's excellent lead performance, it may not seem as cinematic as Downfall. but the impact is similar.

Favourable comparisons can also be made with Carl Dreyer's 1928 masterpiece The Passion Of Joan Of Arc. Obviously, this is a mite chattier than its silent predecessor, the heart of the movie being the conversational battle of wills between Scholl and her interrogator Robert Mohr (Alexander Held). Based on unpublished archive transcripts, these simply shot scenes place a heavy burden on the actors, which they shoulder superbly.

Though at times the filmmakers present their heroine as Saint Sophie, Jentsch keeps her feet on the ground, shifting smoothly from cool denial to impassioned defiance without any histrionics. Meanwhile, Held strikes a memorably ambivalent note as the Gestapo inspector who scorns Sophie's convictions but admires her courage.

Alas, things become more black and white when we move to the courtroom, where proceedings are dominated by Andre Hennicke's raving Judge Friesler. Still, it's an undeniably rousing moment when Sophie spits back that he'll "soon be standing where we are now". And though the outcome isn't happy (clue's in the title, really), the film's claustrophobic intensity and emotional punch certainly deserve to be cheered.

In German with English subtitles

Other articles

Sophie Scholl - New World Encyclopedia

Sophie Scholl

Since the 1970s Scholl has been celebrated for her active role in opposing the Third Reich during the World War II. [2] In Germany she is honored as a martyr.

Early life

Sophie Scholl was the fourth out of five children born to Robert and Magdalena Scholl. Robert Scholl was the mayor of Forchtenberg am Kocher at the time of Sophie's birth. She led a happy and carefree childhood. Her parents, especially her father, encouraged the children to think for themselves, to form opinions, and to value education. At age seven, she proved to be an apt and able student, often learning the lessons quickly and applying herself to her studies. As she grew older, Sophie developed a talent in art and became an avid reader of books on philosophy and theology.

During the year of 1930, the Scholl family moved first to Ludwigsburg, and then two years later to the city of Ulm. In Ulm, Robert Scholl set up his business consulting office.

In 1933, Sophie, at the age of 12, was required to join the Hitler Youth group Bund Deutscher Mädel (League of German Girls). At first, joining the group was fun for Sophie and the other girls her age. But gradually Sophie became aware of the vast differences between what was taught by the Hitler youth and what she was taught at home. She eventually became very critical of the group and others like it. Her father was opposed to the fascist government of Adolf Hitler and Sophie's belief echoed her father's. Sophie's brother, Hans, was also a member of the Hitler youth, but Hans and his friends were put into prison in 1937, for subversive activities with the German Youth Movement. This injustice left a strong impression on Sophie. She often turned to reading and painting to create an alternative world to the fascist National Socialism that was growing ever-present in Germany.

Bust of Sophie Scholl, on display in her birth house in Forchtenberg

In the spring of 1940, she graduated from secondary school and sought employment. As her studies and essays in school reflected, Sophie was fond of children. One of her most impressive essays was titled, The Hand that Moved the Cradle, Moved the World. Sophie's biggest dream was to continue on at the university level, but there were several prerequisites required at the time. One of these being service in the Reichsarbeitsdienst (National Labor Service). Sophie had no desire to serve in another Hitler sponsored group, so she took a job as a kindergarten teacher at the Fröbel Institute in Ulm-Söflingen. Her hope was that her employment at the kindergarten could be used as an alternative to the required service. However, this would prove not to be the case. In the spring of 1941, Sophie began a six month term of service in the auxiliary war service as a nursery teacher in Blumberg. During this time, her brother, Hans, was drafted by the Labor Service and sent to the front lines against Russia and became convinced that Germany had already lost the war. He soon began to form thoughts of resistance. Even though Sophie's job was with children, her schedule was very much a military-like regimen. The six months were hard for her, a mental strain rather than a physical one. She, too, soon began to think of passive resistance against the Nazi Reich.

In May 1942, Sophie completed her six months of service for the National Labor Service and was able to enroll at the University of Munich as a student of biology and philosophy. Hans had also returned from service and was studying medicine at the University. It was here that Sophie met her brother's friends, and the members of the soon to be White Rose Movement. Before the politics came into play, the young group of people enjoyed hiking, skiing, and swimming, as well as sharing their thoughts and ideas about art, music. literature, and philosophy. They were like any other group of college-age students at the time, attending parties and plays, as well as lectures and classes. As Sophie met others who shared her passions in art, writing, and philosophy, she was able to meet Carl Muth and Theodor Haecker, who were important friends for her. The trio questioned everything from the existence of God. to the pressing question that Sophie had thought about for years: How the individual must act under a dictatorship.

As a final incident that spurred Sophie and Hans into action, Robert Scholl, their father, was imprisoned for making a critical comment about Hitler to one of his employees. The employee reported that he had said: "this Hitler is God 's scourge on mankind, and if this war doesn't end soon the Russians will be sitting in Berlin ." Sophie was able to visit her father in Ulm, as she was required to do war service in a metallurgical plant there. The year was 1942.

The White Rose

Grave of Hans Scholl. Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst. in the Ostfriedhof, next to the Stadelheim prison in Munich .

In the summer of 1942, the White Rose (named after the Spanish novel Rosa Blanco ) began to take form. The group grew around the friendships the Scholl siblings had with Christoph Probst. Alexander Schmorell, Willi Graf, and Professor Kurt Huber, their psychology and philosophy professor. The resistance consisted of publishing and distributing leaflets that called for a restoration of democracy and justice. The first leaflet contained an anonymous essay that said that the Nazi system had turned evil. It was time, the essay said, for Germans to rise up and resist the tyranny of their own government. It was the first time that internal dissent against the Nazi regime surfaced in Germany.

The leaflet stated: "We want to try and show that everyone is in a position to contribute to the overthrow of the system. It can be done only by the cooperation of many convinced, energetic people—people who are agreed as to the means they must use. We have no great number of choices as to the means. The meaning and goal of passive resistance is to topple National Socialism. and in this struggle we must not recoil from our course, any action, whatever its nature. A victory of fascist Germany in this war would have immeasurable, frightful consequences."

The leaflets were mailed to people in Germany by picking names and addresses from telephone directories. After that, they left piles of the leaflets in public places, including the University. The leaflets echoed the belief that the young people of Germany had the potential to restore democracy and rid Germany of Adolf Hitler's tyrannical rule. They wrote: "The name of Germany is dishonored for all time if German youth does not finally rise, take revenge, smash its tormentors. Students! The German people look to us."

On February 18, 1943, Sophie and Hans went to the University of Munich to distribute the sixth leaflet published by the White Rose. A member of the Nazi Party, Jakob Schmidt, said that he saw the two throwing leaflets off the third floor of a building, into the courtyard below. Schmidt called for the Gestapo and the two were arrested. They were searched and the police found a handwritten draft of another leaflet in Hans' pocket. The writing on this letter matched the writing of a letter the Gestapo found in Sophie's apartment that had been written by Christoph Probst. Christoph was then arrested.

Trial and execution

Just a few days later, after intense interrogation, Sophie, Hans, and Christoph were brought before the People's Court on February 21, 1943. The notorious Judge Roland Freisler presided over the hearing. When questioned as to why the three had published the leaflets, Sophie said, "Somebody, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don't dare express themselves as we did." The outcome of the trial declared that all three were guilty of treason and condemned to death.

Lawfully, there was a ninety day waiting period before the death sentence could be carried out, enough time to appeal the decision, but the rules were not followed. On February 22, 1943, at 17:00, Sophie, her brother Hans. and their friend Christoph Probst were beheaded by executioner Johann Reichhart in Munich's Stadelheim Prison. The executions were supervised by the enforcement chief, Dr. Walter Roemer. Many prison officials later remarked on Sophie's last hours, emphasizing the courage with which she handled herself.

Sophie apparently had a chance for freedom. The gestapo agent who interrogated her gave her the opportunity to blame all the actions on her brother, so that only he and Christoph would die. Instead, Sophie took all of the blame, claiming that it was she and Hans alone who instigated the leaflets and that Christoph should go free. Christoph Probst was married and had three small children at home. Sophie's last words were "Die Sonne scheint noch," meaning "The Sun still shines." [3] She said this, knowing that her brother would understand her metaphor. She was committed to God and had hope for the future of Germany. The film of her last days, Sophie Scholl—Die letzten Tage(Sophie Scholl: The Final Days). used the sun to point to her profound Christian belief. In a written account by her cell mate, it was recorded that Sophie prayed often to God during her three days in prison.

Following the death of Sophie, Hans, and Christoph, a copy of the sixth leaflet was smuggled out of Germany through Scandinavia and then on to England. In England, the leaflet became was exploited by the Allied Forces. In mid-1943, several million copies of the leaflets were dropped over Germany. Only the leaflet title had been changed; it now read, The Manifesto of the Students of Munich.

Legacy

In Germany, Sophie Scholl is a national icon. Playwright Lillian Garrett-Groag stated in Newsday on February 22, 1993, that "It is possibly the most spectacular moment of resistance that I can think of in the twentieth century. The fact that five little kids, in the mouth of the wolf, where it really counted, had the tremendous courage to do what they did, is spectacular to me. I know that the world is better for them having been there, but I don't know why."

In the same issue of Newsday, Holocaust historian Jud Newborn stated that, "You can't really measure the effect of this kind of resistance in whether or not X number of bridges were blown up or a regime fell… The White Rose really has a more symbolic value, but that's a very important value."

Honors

On February 22, 2003, a bust of Scholl was placed by the government of Bavaria in the Walhalla temple in her honor.

The Geschwister-Scholl-Institut at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich was named to honor both Sophie and Hans Scholl. The institute is home to the university's political science department.

Over the last three decades many local schools in Germany have been named after Scholl and her brother.

In 2005, a ZDF Television audience survey voted Hans and Sophie the fourth greatest Germans of all time. Younger viewers placed them first.

The preface to the Dumbach and Newborn book Sophie Scholl and the White Rose (2005) states that Brigitte Magazine' s audience voted Scholl "The most important woman of the twentieth century" during a poll. The book states that the magazine's circulation at the time was 4,000,000 readers.

Film portrayals

In February 2005, a movie about Sophie Scholl's last days, Sophie Scholl—Die letzten Tage(Sophie Scholl: The Final Days). featuring actress Julia Jentsch as Sophie, was released.

Actress Julia Jentsch as Sophie Scholl on trial in Sophie Scholl: The Final Days

The director of the film, Marc Rothemund, began searching for the story of the last days of Sophie's life. He found survivors to interview and was able to find the transcripts of the interrogations that took place. He said, "The easiest of the whole thing was to get these documents, because all Gestapo headquarters destroyed all documents at the end of the war. But these documents were sent to the People's Court in Berlin. and when the Russians came they sent them to Moscow. then to East Germany. where they were checked and hidden. After the reunification they became part of the German archive, and there they were lying for 13 years. No one was ever interested in them; I was really the first. I was calling asking 'Can I see the documents?' 'Yes one Euro.' And it was not only the documents of Sophie Scholl it was also Hans Scholl and all the members. There were documents about the trial, you saw the handwriting… and then I found a 14-page letter of the cell mate. In the three days she spent most of the time in the interrogation room, but the lady she shared a cell with wrote a 14-page letter to the parents to let them know exactly how their daughter spent the three days there. So the timing and motivation of the emotional breakdown of Sophie Scholl in the film are from this letter." [4]

The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in January 2006.

In an interview, Jentsch said that the role was "an honor." [5] For her portrayal of Scholl, she won the best actress at the European Film Awards, best actress at the German Film Awards (Lolas), along with the Silver Bear for best actress at the Berlin Film Festival.

There are also two earlier film accounts of the White Rose resistance. In 1982, Percy Adlon's Fünf letzte Tage((The) Last Five Days) presented Lena Stolze as Sophie in her last days from the point of view of her cell mate Else Gebel. In the same year, Stolze repeated the role in Michael Verhoeven's Die Weiße Rose(The White Rose) .

Psychology

One famous child psychologist, Alice Miller stated in her 1984 book, Thou Shalt Not be Aware [6] that "the tolerant and open atmosphere of Sophie and Hans Scholl's childhood enabled them to see through Hitler's platitudes at the Nuremberg Rally, when the brother and sister were members of Nazi youth organizations. Nearly all their peers were completely won over by the Führer, whereas Hans and Sophie had other, higher expectations of human nature, not shared by their comrades, against which they could measure Hitler. Because such standards are rare, it is also very difficult for patients in therapy to see through the manipulative methods they are subjected to; the patient doesn't even notice such methods because they are inherent in a system he takes completely for granted."

Notes
  1. ↑ Shoah Education, The White Rose. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  2. ↑ BBC News, Berlin cheers for anti-Nazi film. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  3. ↑ Fred Breinersdorfer and Ulrich Chaussy, Sophie Scholl: die letzten Tage (Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch, 2005). ISBN 3596166098
  4. ↑ Film Ireland, A Strong Mind and a Tender Heart. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  5. ↑ Brigitte.de, Es war uns eine Ehre, Sophie Scholl zu sein. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  6. ↑ Alice Miller, Thou Shalt Not Be Aware: Society's Betrayal of the Child (New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1984). ISBN 0374276463
References
  • Axelrod, Toby. 2001. Hans and Sophie Scholl: German Resisters of the White Rose. New York: Rosen Pub. Group. ISBN 0823933164
  • Dumbach, Annette E. Jud Newborn, and Annette E. Dumbach. 2006. Sophie Scholl and the White Rose. Oxford: Oneworld Pub. ISBN 1851684743
  • Hanser, Richard. 1979. A Noble Treason: The Revolt of the Munich Students Against Hitler. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0399120416
  • Scholl, Inge and Dorothee Sölle. 1983. The White Rose: Munich, 1942-1943. Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0819560863
  • Vinke, Hermann and Ilse Aichinger. 1984. The Short Life of Sophie Scholl. Cambridge Mass. Harper & Row. ISBN 0060263024
External links

All links retrieved October 12, 2015.

  • Hornberger, Jacob G. The White Rose: A Lesson in DissentJewishvirtuallibrary.org .
  • '"Film Website (in German)". Sophie Scholl - Die letzten Tage .
  • Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times, 2006: "Movie Review of Sophie Scholl: The Final Days" . rogerebert.com.
  • "The Geschwister-Scholl-Institut". LMU .
Credits

New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:

Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.

Sophie Scholl: definition of Sophie Scholl and synonyms of Sophie Scholl (English)

Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definition - Sophie Scholl Sophie Scholl

Sophia Magdalena Scholl [ 1 ] [ 2 ] (9 May 1921 – 22 February 1943) was a German student, active within the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich with her brother Hans. As a result, they were both executed by guillotine .

Since the 1970s, Scholl has been celebrated as one of the great German heroes who actively opposed the Third Reich during the Second World War .

Contents Early life

The Town Hall in Forchtenberg. birthplace of Sophie Scholl

Scholl's father, Robert. was the mayor of Forchtenberg am Kocher when she was born. She was the fourth of six children:

  1. Inge Aicher-Scholl (1917–1998) [ 3 ] [ 4 ]
  2. Hans Scholl (1918–1943)
  3. Elisabeth Scholl Hartnagel (born 1920), married Sophie's long-term boyfriend, Fritz Hartnagel.
  4. Sophie Scholl (1921–1943)
  5. Werner Scholl (1922–1944) missing in action and presumed dead in June 1944.
  6. Thilde Scholl (1925–1926)

Scholl was brought up a Lutheran. She entered junior/grade school at the age of seven, learned easily and had a carefree childhood. In 1930, the family moved to Ludwigsburg and then two years later to Ulm where her father had a business consulting office.

In 1932, Scholl started attending a secondary school for girls. At the age of twelve, she chose to join the Bund Deutscher Mädel (League of German Girls), like most of her classmates, but her initial enthusiasm gradually gave way to criticism. She was aware of the dissenting political views of her father, of friends, and also of some teachers. Political attitude had become an essential criterion in her choice of friends. The arrest of her brothers and friends in 1937 for participating in the German Youth Movement left a strong impression on her.

She had a talent for drawing and painting and for the first time came into contact with a few so-called 'degenerate' artists. An avid reader, she developed a growing interest in philosophy and theology. Her firm Christian belief in God and in every human being's essential dignity formed her basis for resisting Nazi ideology. This belief was foundational to her view of the world around her that fundamentally differed from the one expounded by National Socialism which was, by the time of her death, the only one approved or allowed within the Nazi State.

In spring 1940, she graduated from secondary school. The subject of her essay was 'The Hand that Moved the Cradle, Moved the World.' Being fond of children, she became a kindergarten teacher at the Fröbel Institute in Ulm-Söflingen. She had also chosen this kindergarten job hoping that it would be recognized as an alternate service to Reichsarbeitsdienst (National Labor Service), a prerequisite to be admitted to the University. This was not the case, though, and in spring 1941 she began a six month stint in the auxiliary war service as a nursery teacher in Blumberg. The military-like regimen of the Labor Service caused her to think very hard about the political situation as well as to begin practicing passive resistance .

Hans Scholl. Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst. who were executed for participating in the White Rose resistance movement against the Nazi regime in Germany.

After her six months in the National Labor Service. in May 1942, she enrolled at the University of Munich as a student of biology and philosophy. Her brother Hans, who was studying medicine there, introduced her to his friends. Although this group of friends was eventually known for their political views, they were initially drawn together by a shared love of art, music, literature, philosophy and theology. Hiking in the mountains, skiing and swimming were also of importance. They often attended concerts, plays and lectures together.

In Munich, Scholl met a number of artists, writers and philosophers, particularly Carl Muth and Theodor Haecker. who were important contacts for her. The question they pondered the most was how the individual must act under a dictatorship. During the summer vacation in 1942, Scholl had to do war service in a metallurgical plant in Ulm. At the same time, her father was serving time in prison for a critical remark to an employee about Hitler .

Origins of the White Rose

Based upon letters between her and her boyfriend, Fritz Hartnagel (reported and analyzed by Gunter Biemer and Jakob Knab in the journal, Newman Studien ) she had given two volumes of Cardinal John Henry Newman 's sermons to Hartnagel when he was deployed to the eastern front in May 1942. This discovery by Jakob Knab shows the importance of religion in Scholl's life and was highlighted in an article in the Catholic Herald in the UK and by Scholl biographer Frank McDonough. who commented on BBC Radio Merseyside, "Knab's discovery is very important as it has highlighted how important her religious faith was in her life and as a key factor in her decision to oppose the Nazi regime." Though she was Lutheran, the White Rose was founded after Scholl and others read a stern anti-Nazi sermon by Cardinal Clemens August Graf von Galen (the "Lion of Münster"), the Roman Catholic Bishop of Münster.

She and they had been horrified by Hartnagel's reports of the behavior of the Germans on the Eastern Front where Hartnagel witnessed Soviet soldiers shot in a pit, and learned of the mass killings of Jews. Her correspondence with Hartnagel deeply discussed the "theology of conscience" developed in Newman's writings. This is seen as her primary defense in her transcribed interrogations leading to her "trial" and execution. Those transcripts became the basis for a 2005 film treatment of her final days, Sophie Scholl – The Final Days .

Activities of the White Rose

The core members initially included Hans Scholl (Sophie's brother), Willi Graf and Christoph Probst. In early summer 1942, this group of young men co-authored six anti-Nazi political resistance leaflets. Contrary to popular belief, Sophie Scholl was not a co-author of the articles. Her brother had been initially keen to keep her unaware of their activities, but once she discovered them, she joined him and proved valuable to the group: as a woman, her chances of being randomly stopped by the SS were much smaller. Calling themselves The White Rose, they instructed Germans to passively resist the Nazis. She and the rest of the White Rose were arrested for distributing the sixth leaflet at the University of Munich on 18 February 1943. In the People's Court before Judge Roland Freisler on 22 February 1943, Scholl was recorded as saying these words: [ 5 ]

Somebody, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don't dare express themselves as we did.

On 22 February 1943, Scholl, her brother Hans and their friend Christoph Probst were found guilty of treason and condemned to death. They were all beheaded by executioner Johann Reichhart in Munich's Stadelheim Prison only a few hours later, at 17:00 hrs. The execution was supervised by Walter Roemer, the enforcement chief of the Munich district court. Prison officials, in later describing the scene, emphasized the courage with which she walked to her execution. Her last words were: [ 6 ] [ 7 ]

How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause. Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter, if through us thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?

Fritz Hartnagel was evacuated from Stalingrad in January 1943, but did not return to Germany before Sophie was already dead. He later married Sophie's sister Elizabeth.

Legacy

Following her death, a copy of the sixth leaflet was smuggled out of Germany through Scandinavia to the UK by German jurist Helmuth James Graf von Moltke. where it was utilized by the Allied Forces. In mid-1943, they dropped millions of propaganda copies over Germany of the tract, now retitled The Manifesto of the Students of Munich .

In a historical context, the White Rose's legacy has significance for many commentators, both as a demonstration of exemplary spiritual courage, and as a well-documented case of social dissent in a time of violent repression, censorship, and conformist pressure.

Playwright Lillian Garrett-Groag stated in Newsday on 22 February 1993, that "It is possibly the most spectacular moment of resistance that I can think of in the 20th century. The fact that five little kids, in the mouth of the wolf, where it really counted, had the tremendous courage to do what they did, is spectacular to me. I know that the world is better for them having been there, but I do not know why."

In the same issue of Newsday. Holocaust historian Jud Newborn noted that "You cannot really measure the effect of this kind of resistance in whether or not X number of bridges were blown up or a regime fell. The White Rose really has a more symbolic value, but that's a very important value."

Honours

On 22 February 2003, a bust of Scholl was placed by the government of Bavaria in the Walhalla temple in her honour.

The Geschwister-Scholl-Institut for Political Science at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) is named in honour of Scholl and her brother Hans. The institute is home to the university's political science and communication departments, and is housed in the former Radio Free Europe building close to the city's Englischer Garten. There is also an ongoing effort by the LMU Students' Committee (AStA ) to rename the university to Geschwister Scholl University of Munich (Scholl Siblings University).

Many local schools as well as countless streets and squares in Germany have been named after Scholl and her brother.

In 2003, Germans were invited by television broadcaster ZDF to participate in Unsere Besten (Our Best), a nation-wide competition to choose the top ten most important Germans of all time. Voters under the age of 40 helped Scholl and her brother Hans finish in fourth place, above Bach. Goethe. Gutenberg. Bismarck. Willy Brandt. and Albert Einstein. If the votes of young viewers alone had been counted, Sophie and Hans Scholl would have been ranked first. Several years earlier, readers of Brigitte . a Germany magazine for women, voted Scholl "the greatest woman of the twentieth century", winning over such figures as Madeleine Albright and Madonna .

Film, book and theatrical portrayals

In February 2005, a movie about Scholl's last days, Sophie Scholl – Die letzten Tage (Sophie Scholl: The Final Days ), featuring actress Julia Jentsch in the title role, was released. Drawing on interviews with survivors and transcripts that had remained hidden in East German archives until 1990, it was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in January 2006. For her portrayal of Scholl, she won the best actress at the European Film Awards. best actress at the German Film Awards (Lolas), along with the Silver Bear for best actress at the Berlin Film Festival .

Jud Newborn and Annette Dumbach's 1986 book about the White Rose, Shattering the German Night (Little, Brown) was reissued in an expanded, updated and illustrated edition in 2006, Sophie Scholl and the White Rose . to accompany the new film's release and provide an account of the history behind the White Rose.

In February 2009, The History Press released Sophie Scholl: The Real Story of the Woman who Defied Hitler. [ 8 ] The author, Professor Frank McDonough, is the first person to have uncensored access to Scholl's letters and diaries, and to the Gestapo interrogation records and to court files. The leading historian of the Third Reich, Professor Richard J. Evans of Cambridge University, described McDonough's biography in the Times Higher Educational Supplement on 9 April 2009 as '"undoubtedly the standard work on its subject". [ 9 ] The release of the book led to renewed interest in Scholl and prompted the first ever showing of Sophie Scholl: The Final Days on a major British TV Channel, Channel 4, in March 2009.

In February 2010, Carl Hanser Verlag released Sophie Scholl: A Biography (in German), by Barbara Beuys. [ 10 ]

There were three earlier film accounts of the White Rose resistance. The first film was financed by the Bavarian state government and released in the 1970s, entitled Das Versprechen (The Promise ). In 1982, Percy Adlon 's Fünf letzte Tage (Five Last Days ) presented Lena Stolze as Scholl in her last days from the point of view of her cellmate Else Gebel. In the same year, Stolze repeated the role in Michael Verhoeven 's Die Weiße Rose (The White Rose ). In an interview, Stolze said that the role was "an honour". [ 11 ]

American playwright Lillian Garrett-Groag's play The White Rose features Scholl as a major character.

See also References External links

Sophie Scholl: The Final Days Movie Review (2006)

Sophie Scholl: The Final Days

At the heart of "Sophie Scholl: The Final Days" is a long interrogation conducted across a desk in a police headquarters. It is February 1943, in Munich. The questions are asked by Robert Mohr (Alexander Held ), a provincial who has risen in rank under the Nazis and wears a little lapel pin proclaiming his patriotism. The answers come from Sophie Scholl (Julia Jentsch ), a student of biology and philosophy. She is accused of helping to distribute leaflets on her campus that attack Hitler and his war.

This is not a thriller but a police procedural, in which we have all the information we need, right from the outset. She is guilty. Sophie and her brother Hans (Fabian Hinrichs ) belong to the White Rose, an underground group that mimeographs statements critical of the regime and the continuation of a war that is already lost. In theory their leaflets were to be mailed. Hans gets the idea of distributing them on their campus. This is reckless and stupid and exactly the sort of grand gesture beloved by idealistic kids. If the Scholls had been communists, party discipline would have mocked them. But they are Catholics carried away by conscience.

Even so, they might have gotten away with it. They put piles of leaflets outside classroom doors, and then Sophie, in a heedless moment, sends a stack of paper swirling down into a central hallway. It is the janitor who turns them in, in part because he is a Nazi toady, in part because they made extra work for him.

"Sophie Scholl," an Oscar nominee for best foreign film, contains no artificial suspense or drama. Directed by Marc Rothemund and written by Fred Breinersdorfer. it is based on fact and uses the transcripts of Scholl's actual interrogation and trial, as kept by the Gestapo and liberated when East Germany fell. Most of the words in the questioning are literally what Scholl and Mohr said. He sits behind his desk, impassive and precise, asking her to explain her presence on the campus, and her suitcase that is exactly large enough to hold the leaflets. Cool and calm, she answers every question precisely. She has an alibi that is almost good enough.

The effect of this scene is so powerful that I leaned forward like a jury member, wanting her to get away with it so I could find her innocent. But the law moves as the law always does, with no reference to higher justice; even in this Nazi procedure there are carbon copies and paper clips and rubber stamps and a need to see the law followed, as indeed it is. The law underpins evil, but it is observed. When Sophie is found guilty, it is legal enough.

The sentence against her is carried out with startling promptness; because of the movie's title, we are not surprised, but we are jolted. I was reminded of an exchange in "Thank You for Smoking ," where the son of a tobacco lobbyist asks him, "Dad, why is the American government the best government?" And his father replies, "Because of our endless appeals system." It is a luxury to be able to joke about such things. One day Sophie Scholl thoughtlessly throws some leaflets off a balcony, and two days later she is dead. Notice how the final sounds of the movie play under a black screen. Does she hear them?

Are the policeman Robert Mohr and the judge Roland Freisler (Andre Hennicke ) evil men? Yes, absolutely, but they are doing their duty. I learn from Anthony Lane in The New Yorker that Mohr's widow received a state pension after the war. The police and the court are shown to follow the law, and in the law resides either good or evil, depending on what the law says and how it is enforced. That is why it is crucial that a constitution guarantee rights and freedoms, and why it is dangerous for any government to ignore it. There should be no higher priority.

All of these thoughts are made particular in "Sophie Scholl: The Final Days." Most of the dialogue involves specific questions of where Sophie was, and when, and why the evidence against her is so compelling. Perry Mason type stuff. The policeman is so passive he is hardly there. Only the judge indulges in speechifying; those who know their actions are wrong are often the loudest to defend them, especially when they fear a higher moral judgment may come down on them. But the most powerful political statement in the film is one of the saddest. Sophie is allowed a few moments with her parents before being taken away forever. "You did the right thing," her father says of Sophie and her brother. "I'm proud of you both."

Popular Blog Posts

Sophie Scholl – The Final Days

I'm Emmy!

I provide recommendations and help you discover new music, movies, TV shows, books, authors and games, based on what you like. Some call me a recommendation engine, but I prefer to simply be called TasteKid. Explore your taste!

Better discovery experience

Once signed in, you receive better, personalized recommendations. You can "like" or "dislike" the things you discover, keep a taste profile, find other people with shared interests and keep up with their discoveries.

I'm always improving

My knowledge is constantly improving. I still make mistakes and sometimes give bad recommendations, but I'm getting better. I'm learning from you, the people who use my service. If you want to help me, fill in your profile!

I'm Emmy!

I provide recommendations and help you discover new music, movies, TV shows, books, authors and games, based on what you like. Some call me a recommendation engine, but I prefer to simply be called TasteKid. Explore your taste!

Better discovery experience

Once signed in, you receive better, personalized recommendations. You can "like" or "dislike" the things you discover, keep a taste profile, find other people with shared interests and keep up with their discoveries.

I'm always improving

My knowledge is constantly improving. I still make mistakes and sometimes give bad recommendations, but I'm getting better. I'm learning from people like you. So if you want to help me, fill in your profile!