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Nature Vs Nurture Examples Essay Report

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Nature Vs Nuture Essay Research Paper Nurture

Nature Vs Nuture Essay Research Paper Nurture

Nature Vs Nuture Essay, Research Paper

Nurture Versus Nature

The question of what is the greatest factor in the development of

human intelligence, sociability, interpersonal skills, and personality has been

debated as long as modern humanity has had the capacity to wonder about it.

Depending on the intellectual background or mindset of any individual asked,

the answer will vary. Some social scientists and theorists argue in behalf of

the effect of the environment in which a child is raised as the primary

influence. Many of those most thoroughly grounded in medical or physical

science traditions can point to a number of ways, in which one’s genetic code

at birth, is the determining factor of how well or how thoroughly one?s

intelligence develops. The proliferation of the so-called ?genius? sperm

banks that exist give proof to how seriously that premise is believed by many.

Not surprisingly, the number and type of studies that exist correspond

with the particular belief pattern, or at least is biased, in favor of the thoughts

and belief patterns of the individual researcher. According to Bettelheim

(1998), some researchers are looking for a genetic basis for common,

everyday behaviors, including sexuality, violence, and risk-taking. There is

an ongoing debate, sometimes a heated one, over how much biology controls

what a person does; the flip side of the debate asks whether society relies too

much on science without enough focus on the undeniably important aspects

of the parents’ and caregivers’ of a child to appropriately nurture his or her

growth. Some feel the importance of social/economic conditions and life in

the home is downplayed far too much. Advocates on the nurture side of the

argument point to the fact that the input of the child?s role model is of far

greater importance than any aspect of genetic make up.

Of course, culture serves as yet another point of argument in the debate.

Two sides of the issue exist in terms of cultural expectation for development

of intelligence. First is the idea that an infant, born into a more advanced

culture and presented with a greater number of entrenched cultural

opportunities, is certain to garner a greater level of intelligence. The

opposite, and equal argument, is that innate intelligence is best developed in

the infant born into a culture more holistically and intuitively developed,

perhaps even ?primitive? by some standards. And yet, the issue of culture

ultimately can be reduced to ?nurture vs nature? as well. The cultural

implications and training that surround a child?s upbringing are certainly key

components in how that child will be nurtured throughout childhood.

Herbert (1997) points out that in many ways the view of mental illness as

a brain disease has been of vital importance in the work to reduce the stigma

of frightening and misunderstood illnesses such as schizophrenia and

depression. And yet, it still serves as an example of the broad-based efforts to

biologize? American culture. For both political and scientific reasons — and

it is generally difficult to separate the two — everything from criminal

behavior to substance abuse to sexual orientation is seen today less as a

matter of choice than of genetic destiny. Even basic personality is proving out

to be much more of a genetic inheritance than had ever been previously

assumed. Almost every month, if not more often, there is a report of a new

gene for one trait or another. Such a significant realignment of the cultural

perception has numerous political and personal implications.

At the individual level, according to Herbert (1997), a belief in

the power of genes necessarily diminishes the potency of such personal

qualities as will, capacity to choose, and sense of responsibility for those

choices. The argument proposes that if one’s actions are determined by one’s

individual?s genes, he or she should not be considered accountable

for. whatever! It allows the alcoholic, for example, to act as a helpless

victim of biology rather than as a willful agent with independent behavioral

control. Genetic determinism can free victims and their families from

guilt–or lock them in their suffering. Therein lies the root of the nature vs.

nurture merry-go-round. Genetic determinism can have paradoxical

consequences at times, leading to disdain and exclusion for the disadvantaged

rather than sympathy and inclusion. Cultural critics are beginning to sort out

the unpredictable politics of biology, focusing on four traits: violence, mental

illness, alcoholism, and sexual orientation.

Herbert (1997) also adds that whatever is currently going on in the midst

of the bold new genetic discoveries being made, it’s clear that a very real

mistrust of genetic power and genetic applications is both misleading and

disconcerting, if not out-and-out frightening for the general public. The

simplistic shorthand used in discussing genetic advances has led to the

widespread misunderstanding of DNA’s real powers. In general, the public

must be provided with more easily accessible information instead of moving

toward the trend of ?dumbing down? information for public consumption.

Herbert (1997) gives the example of how geneticists say they’ve found a gene

for a particular trait, when what they actually mean is that people carrying a

certain “allele”–a variation in a stretch of DNA that normally codes for a

certain protein–will develop the given trait in a standard environment. The

last few words–”in a standard environment”–are very important, because

what scientists are not saying is that a given allele will not necessarily lead to

that trait in every environment. It is neither fair, nor ethical, for the public to

be mislead into thinking that science has ?found the gene? that causes this or

that problem so it can now be ?fixed.

It’s hard to emphasize too much what a radical rethinking of the

nature-nurture debate this represents. When most people think about heredity,

they still think in terms of classic genetics: one gene, one trait. But for most

complex human behaviors, this is far from the reality that recent research is

revealing. A more accurate view very likely involves many different genes,

some of which control other genes, and many of which are controlled by

signals from the environment. Therefore, actual biological/genetic make-up

can be and is influenced by the level of nurturing that trait receives. The

process of nurturing, however, may be environmental, emotional, or

The emerging view of nature–nurture is that many complicated

behaviors probably have some measure of genetic loading that gives some

people a susceptibility — for schizophrenia, for instance, or for aggression.

But the development of the behavior or pathology requires more– an

environmental “second hit.” This second hit operates, counter-intuitively,

through the genes themselves to “sculpt” the brain. So with depression, for

example, it appears as though a bad experience in the world–for example, a

devastating loss–can actually create chemical changes in the body that affect

certain genes, which in turn affect certain brain proteins that make a person

more susceptible to depression in the future. Nature or nurture? Just as bad

experiences can turn on certain vulnerability genes, rich and challenging

experiences have the power to enhance life, again acting through the genes.

Perhaps certain genetic components are especially receptive to certain

nurturing behaviors. For example, talent and intelligence, both appear

The reason the debate regarding issues of nature opposed to issues of

nurture has remained so controversial and such a hot debate topic is the

simple fact that, with every new day, new information is discovered or

understood. If the mechanical, human-created world of the Internet

supposedly doubles its information every month, why should it be difficult to

expect the collective human consciousness and awareness of genetic

capabilities to follow similarly remarkable patterns of growth and

Bettelheim, Adriel (1998, April 3) Biology and

behavior. CQ Researcher, v8 n13, pp. 291(18).

Gregory, Richard L. (1987) The Oxford Companion to the

Mind (New York, NY; University of Oxford Press), pp. 376.

Herbert, Wray (1997, April 21) Politics of biology: how

the nature vs. nurture debate shapes public policy and our

view of ourselves. U.S. News & World Report,

v122 n15, pp. 72(7).

McGue, Matt (1989, August 17) Nature-nurture and

intelligence. Nature, v340 n6234, pp. 507(2).

Zabludoff, Marc (1997, October) Behaving ourselves.

Discover, v18, n10, pp.10.

Other articles

Nature Vs Nurture - College Essays

Nature Vs Nurture

The discussion surrounding Stephen Pinkers' book The Blank Slate: the Modern Denial of Human Nature has sparks some rather interesting arguments as to whether our being is a result of nature, genetics or is it learned through nurturing. The discussion revolved around Pinkers idea that there is no such thing as the Blank Slate theory, when it comes to human nature. He believes "that the human mind, like the human body, has been designed by natural selection through the process of biological evolution" (Bailey & Gillespie, 2002, p.2).The Blank Slate theory derived from John Locke, a great philosopher who lived in the 16th century. In John Locke's philosophy, tabula rasa was the theory that the (human) mind is at birth a "blank slate" void of all characters, without any ideas or rules for processing data, and that data is added and rules for processing it formed solely by our sensory experiences. As understood by Locke, tabula rasa meant that the mind of the individual was born "blank", and it also emphasized the individual's freedom to author his or her own soul. Each individual was free to define the content of his or her character - but his or her basic identity as a member of the human species cannot be so altered. Implicit in this theory is the belief that individuals are infinitely and arbitrarily malleable by society: by changing the individual's environment, and thus sensory experiences, one can shape the individual with few, if any, restrictions.

Steven Pinker challenges the Blank Slate theory. He thinks, we are genetically coded to be whatever we are. The experiences we encounter only have a minuscule impact on how we grow. Pinker argues about the idea of which nurture plays a more important role than nature in the development of the human mind. He believes a child is born with a personality, and parents cannot cause their children to have a different personality to that which is given. Pinker states in an interview by Bailey and Gillespie that:

Blank slates do not do anything they just sit there. Human beings do things. They make sense of their environment they acquire language they interact with one another. They use reasoning to bring about things that they want. Even if you acknowledge, as you have to acknowledge, that learning, socialization, and culture are indispensable aspects of human behavior you have to admit that you can't have culture unless you have some kind of innate circuitry that can invent and acquire culture to begin with.(p.5)

Pinker also has an interesting notion, that there is no such thing as intelligence as we know it. If everyone is born void of everything, how do we explain intellectual difference among humans? One of his ways to solve the difference, because it is given to us genetically is to have its checks and balance. We have to match social structure to genetics. Pinker stated that the Blank Slate theory made divisions among humans socially, intellectually, racially and by gender.

Research participants stemmed from his research with twins where Pinker with the help of Jennifer Ganger, PhD. They gathered data

On the development of words, sentences and past tense forms in a large sample of identical and fraternal twins. In the research he looked at there gradual development of their language, if it looked like the development appear in closer synchrony in identical twins (who share all their genes) than in fraternal twins (who share half their genes, among those that vary), it would suggest that language development is paced in part by a genetically influenced maturational timetable. (Pinker research 2002

Nature vs Nurture Essay - Best Essay UK - Free narrative papers, essays, and research papers

Nature vs Nurture Essay


The debate in human development has always been baffling. In most cases, the concept of nature vs nurture is the very foundation of any arguments that tries to see the including factors for personality and character development. Now why is it important that we understand the concepts between nature vs nurture essay in character development? This is a scientific analysis; therefore, its importance lies mainly on the approach of understanding it for scientific purposes. Teachers do require their students to write nature vs Nurture essya papers. If you are going to compose such an article, then let us discuss the things that you need to know about it.

Nature vs nurture essay is an article that will try to discuss how people get their abilities, characters and personalities. Nature is a part of human development source where the main concept is about innate abilities and character. Meanwhile, nurture relies mainly on the experience of the person and how he developed his traits by living in a specific environment. How can we write it? You may start with a scientific approach of writing. This is one way to write this kind of an essay. As a scientific paper, you need to discover the already established notions and facts about nature vs nurture debates. Many studies have already been conducted in the past about it. What you can write in your essay is to have a discussion what nature vs nurture really is. For example, you can discuss scientists who possessed the idea and what developments have been made so far.

It is also a good idea to write nature vs nurture essay by accommodating a single side of the question. Since it is more likely to be a debate, this topic is available to you as a one sided notion. For example, you can choose between nature and nurture, whichever you think is valid to your understanding. Then you can argue and tell your readers that what you believe is actually acceptable. You need to support your notion by using some materials and citing examples in real life.

You can also write a nature vs nurture essay in the form of an experimental report. You can do this by doing an experiment and see whether nature or nurture actually influences a person’s traits more than the other does. You must devise a plan of experiment in order to capture non-biased results. Then you can write an essay that will report your results. It is more like writing a research paper.

We can write a nature vs nurture essay for you. This website has its order form where you can provide us the details of your request. If you do not have the time or the skills to write a good essay, then we suggest that you avail our services today.

This post originally appeared on http://essay-blog.com/essays/nature-vs-nurture-essay

Nature versus nurture essay

Nature definition, the material world, especially as surrounding humankind and existing independently of human activities. The Nature versus Nurture Debate What makes you who you are? This question is the essence behind the nature versus nurture debate. Nurture - The nature versus nature versus nurture essay nurture debate or controversy - human psychology blank slate. human development and learning' and find homework help for other Social Sciences questions at eNotes. Get access to Nature Vs note cards research paper Nurture In Homosexuality Essays only from Anti Essays. Listed Results 1 - 30. This …. Nature vs. An essay or paper on Nature versus Nurture in Lord of the Flies. Does evolution explain human nature? Epigenetics. Nurture Revisited

The phrase nature and nurture relates to the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature" in the sense of nativism or innatism) as compared to an. An essay or paper on Nature versus Nurture in Lord of the Flies. Nurture - The nature versus nurture debate or controversy - human psychology blank slate. Human nature refers to the distinguishing characteristics—including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting—which humans tend to have naturally, independently of. Nurture ControversyThe nature versus nurture debate concerns the relative importance of an individual's innate. For fiction writing tips many years now society and psychologists have been studying and debating a major issue. 17. Nature or nurture? Moves during childhood affected adult friendships differently because of the unique interplay between nature and nurture for different individuals. Nurture. Human beings live in groups, are affected by the fortunes of their groups, and sometimes make sacrifices that benefit …. The Nature versus Nurture Debate What makes you who you are? This question is the essence behind the nature versus nurture debate. nurture is always a hot topic. By Kevin Davies; Posted 04. Now it appears that our diets and lifestyles can change the. Putting the myths to rest. human development and learning' and find homework help for other Social Sciences questions at eNotes. 07; NOVA scienceNOW; Once nurture seemed clearly distinct from nature. 24. When the subject of the American Pit Bull Terrier* comes up, the issue of nature vs

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The Nature versus Nurture Debate What makes you who you are? This question is the essence behind the nature versus nurture debate. nurture is always a hot topic. For many years now society and psychologists have been studying and debating a major issue. Now it appears nature versus nurture essay that our diets and lifestyles can change the. The phrase nature and nurture relates to the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature" in the curing depression on your own sense of nativism or innatism) as compared to an. Nature vs. Nurture ControversyThe nature versus nurture debate concerns the relative importance of an individual's innate

Nurture ControversyThe nature versus nurture debate concerns the relative importance of an individual's innate. human development and learning' and find homework help for other Social Sciences questions at eNotes. The Nature versus Nurture Debate What makes you who you are? This question is the essence behind the nature versus nurture book reports for high school students debate. Now it appears that our diets and lifestyles can change the. Get studying today and get the grades you want. You have reached a web page that was created by Professor Frank Pajares. CELEBRATING THE BICENTENARY OF THE BIRTH OF CHARLES DARWIN. We anticipate a surge of high school students across the country petitioning their local high schools to let them play electric kazoo in marching band once they see. 07; NOVA scienceNOW; Once nurture seemed clearly distinct from nature. 24. Portions of his nature versus nurture essay web la dissertation philosophique site have been archived and others have been moved to homes not

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Listed Results 1 - 30. 07; NOVA scienceNOW; Once nurture seemed clearly distinct from nature. 17. Nurture Revisited. Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, shows how children would act if placed in an. The phrase nature and nurture relates to the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature" in the sense of nativism or innatism) as compared to an. Nature definition, the material world, especially as surrounding humankind and existing independently of human activities. Posted 07. Human nature refers to the distinguishing characteristics—including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting—which humans tend to have naturally, independently of. An essay or paper on Nature versus Nurture in Lord of the Flies. CELEBRATING THE BICENTENARY OF THE BIRTH OF CHARLES DARWIN. nurture is always a hot topic

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Essay on nature vs nurture

Essay on nature vs nurture

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Реферат на тему Nature Vs Nuture Essay Research Paper Nurture

Nature Vs Nuture Essay, Research Paper

Nurture Versus Nature

The question of what is the greatest factor in the development of

human intelligence, sociability, interpersonal skills, and personality has been

debated as long as modern humanity has had the capacity to wonder about it.

Depending on the intellectual background or mindset of any individual asked,

the answer will vary. Some social scientists and theorists argue in behalf of

the effect of the environment in which a child is raised as the primary

influence. Many of those most thoroughly grounded in medical or physical

science traditions can point to a number of ways, in which one’s genetic code

at birth, is the determining factor of how well or how thoroughly one?s

intelligence develops. The proliferation of the so-called ?genius? sperm

banks that exist give proof to how seriously that premise is believed by many.

Not surprisingly, the number and type of studies that exist correspond

with the particular belief pattern, or at least is biased, in favor of the thoughts

and belief patterns of the individual researcher. According to Bettelheim

(1998), some researchers are looking for a genetic basis for common,

everyday behaviors, including sexuality, violence, and risk-taking. There is

an ongoing debate, sometimes a heated one, over how much biology controls

what a person does; the flip side of the debate asks whether society relies too

much on science without enough focus on the undeniably important aspects

of the parents’ and caregivers’ of a child to appropriately nurture his or her

growth. Some feel the importance of social/economic conditions and life in

the home is downplayed far too much. Advocates on the nurture side of the

argument point to the fact that the input of the child?s role model is of far

greater importance than any aspect of genetic make up.

Of course, culture serves as yet another point of argument in the debate.

Two sides of the issue exist in terms of cultural expectation for development

of intelligence. First is the idea that an infant, born into a more advanced

culture and presented with a greater number of entrenched cultural

opportunities, is certain to garner a greater level of intelligence. The

opposite, and equal argument, is that innate intelligence is best developed in

the infant born into a culture more holistically and intuitively developed,

perhaps even ?primitive? by some standards. And yet, the issue of culture

ultimately can be reduced to ?nurture vs nature? as well. The cultural

implications and training that surround a child?s upbringing are certainly key

components in how that child will be nurtured throughout childhood.

Herbert (1997) points out that in many ways the view of mental illness as

a brain disease has been of vital importance in the work to reduce the stigma

of frightening and misunderstood illnesses such as schizophrenia and

depression. And yet, it still serves as an example of the broad-based efforts to

biologize? American culture. For both political and scientific reasons — and

it is generally difficult to separate the two — everything from criminal

behavior to substance abuse to sexual orientation is seen today less as a

matter of choice than of genetic destiny. Even basic personality is proving out

to be much more of a genetic inheritance than had ever been previously

assumed. Almost every month, if not more often, there is a report of a new

gene for one trait or another. Such a significant realignment of the cultural

perception has numerous political and personal implications.

At the individual level, according to Herbert (1997), a belief in

the power of genes necessarily diminishes the potency of such personal

qualities as will, capacity to choose, and sense of responsibility for those

choices. The argument proposes that if one’s actions are determined by one’s

individual?s genes, he or she should not be considered accountable

for. whatever! It allows the alcoholic, for example, to act as a helpless

victim of biology rather than as a willful agent with independent behavioral

control. Genetic determinism can free victims and their families from

guilt–or lock them in their suffering. Therein lies the root of the nature vs.

nurture merry-go-round. Genetic determinism can have paradoxical

consequences at times, leading to disdain and exclusion for the disadvantaged

rather than sympathy and inclusion. Cultural critics are beginning to sort out

the unpredictable politics of biology, focusing on four traits: violence, mental

illness, alcoholism, and sexual orientation.

Herbert (1997) also adds that whatever is currently going on in the midst

of the bold new genetic discoveries being made, it’s clear that a very real

mistrust of genetic power and genetic applications is both misleading and

disconcerting, if not out-and-out frightening for the general public. The

simplistic shorthand used in discussing genetic advances has led to the

widespread misunderstanding of DNA’s real powers. In general, the public

must be provided with more easily accessible information instead of moving

toward the trend of ?dumbing down? information for public consumption.

Herbert (1997) gives the example of how geneticists say they’ve found a gene

for a particular trait, when what they actually mean is that people carrying a

certain “allele”–a variation in a stretch of DNA that normally codes for a

certain protein–will develop the given trait in a standard environment. The

last few words–”in a standard environment”–are very important, because

what scientists are not saying is that a given allele will not necessarily lead to

that trait in every environment. It is neither fair, nor ethical, for the public to

be mislead into thinking that science has ?found the gene? that causes this or

that problem so it can now be ?fixed.

It’s hard to emphasize too much what a radical rethinking of the

nature-nurture debate this represents. When most people think about heredity,

they still think in terms of classic genetics: one gene, one trait. But for most

complex human behaviors, this is far from the reality that recent research is

revealing. A more accurate view very likely involves many different genes,

some of which control other genes, and many of which are controlled by

signals from the environment. Therefore, actual biological/genetic make-up

can be and is influenced by the level of nurturing that trait receives. The

process of nurturing, however, may be environmental, emotional, or

The emerging view of nature–nurture is that many complicated

behaviors probably have some measure of genetic loading that gives some

people a susceptibility — for schizophrenia, for instance, or for aggression.

But the development of the behavior or pathology requires more– an

environmental “second hit.” This second hit operates, counter-intuitively,

through the genes themselves to “sculpt” the brain. So with depression, for

example, it appears as though a bad experience in the world–for example, a

devastating loss–can actually create chemical changes in the body that affect

certain genes, which in turn affect certain brain proteins that make a person

more susceptible to depression in the future. Nature or nurture? Just as bad

experiences can turn on certain vulnerability genes, rich and challenging

experiences have the power to enhance life, again acting through the genes.

Perhaps certain genetic components are especially receptive to certain

nurturing behaviors. For example, talent and intelligence, both appear

The reason the debate regarding issues of nature opposed to issues of

nurture has remained so controversial and such a hot debate topic is the

simple fact that, with every new day, new information is discovered or

understood. If the mechanical, human-created world of the Internet

supposedly doubles its information every month, why should it be difficult to

expect the collective human consciousness and awareness of genetic

capabilities to follow similarly remarkable patterns of growth and

Bettelheim, Adriel (1998, April 3) Biology and

behavior. CQ Researcher, v8 n13, pp. 291(18).

Gregory, Richard L. (1987) The Oxford Companion to the

Mind (New York, NY; University of Oxford Press), pp. 376.

Herbert, Wray (1997, April 21) Politics of biology: how

the nature vs. nurture debate shapes public policy and our

view of ourselves. U.S. News & World Report,

v122 n15, pp. 72(7).

McGue, Matt (1989, August 17) Nature-nurture and

intelligence. Nature, v340 n6234, pp. 507(2).

Zabludoff, Marc (1997, October) Behaving ourselves.

Discover, v18, n10, pp.10.