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Lack Of Discipline Essay Topics

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Discipline fot teenagers is a social issue in the United States because Essay by

Discipline fot teenagers is a social issue in the United States because

br Teenagers and discipline 1

TEENAGERS AND DISCIPLINE

A brief look into discipline in teenagers Teenagers and discipline 2

Discipline among teenagers in the United States is indeed a social issue. given the level of undesired happenings resulting from lack of discipline. within this group. Parents. teachers and social activists have recognized the need for urgent reforms in an effort to bring in a sense of discipline among them. The advancement of knowledge and technology brings with it several advantages. But these can also provide unintended results upon their misuse

The accessibility of teenagers to such materials and technology. increase the risk of its misuse

Teenagers particularly from the U .S. find themselves in a very critical position. given the understanding of the current happenings going around us. Recently conducted research indicate that the part of the brain that responds to impulse and organized thinking does not mature till the age of twenty five. Excitation and mood are highly volatile in teens as the hormones affecting the brain 's neurochemicals are very active. This is the period when the brain is not mature enough to take responsible decisions Unfortunately it is also this period that teenagers take to newer habits and passions. The adolescents are prone to develop bad habits like smoking. alcohol. drugs etc. They gradually cross the limits of legality and indulge in punishable crimes like drug abuse. sex offences etc. Teenagers cannot be solely held responsible for their actions resulting from lack of discipline. The society has a bigger role in the negative development of this group

Teenagers and discipline 3

Recent school shootings have become a concern among all who work with children and child issues. This state of affairs is mainly attributed to aggressive video games. movies. televisions and poor parenting. Movies motivate youth everywhere. and it is either unfortunate or hard luck that only negative aspirations like crime and violence are portrayed more. which are quickly grasped too. These violent crime scenes drives even adults to imitate them. driving them to be more prepared psychologically. The love to watch violence and crime is gradually enhanced in the children. who are drawn to the gun culture In fact even the type of guns used in movies are looked with awe and admiration. The projection of vulgar sex in all forms of media. drive adolescents without a proper understanding of this subject. The occurrence of pregnancy. rape. sexual abuse etc. in teenagers result from improper propagation. Marketing managers do not think ethically in their attempts to sell their products. Most of them are not concerned of the association of their products with teens. and its possible misuse

Apart from the crimes. teenagers are associated with they also put themselves at risk in several ways. According to the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. motor vehicle crashes account for two deaths among every five deaths of U .S. teenagers. A majority of these of these deaths occur on weekends. that is from Friday to Sunday and that.

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SparkNotes: The Phantom Tollbooth: Study Questions and Suggested Essay Topics

The Phantom Tollbooth

Why is Milo so bored before he goes to the Lands Beyond?

Though he does not even know it, Milo's boredom comes from a number of failings in his education about life. He only becomes aware of these gaps when he learns the solutions from people he meets in the Lands Beyond. When he meets Tock, for example, he learns that he has been frittering his time away instead of trying to make the most of it. This makes him feel bored. When he meets Alec Bings, Milo realizes that he has not been enjoying all of the different perspectives available to him. Again, this makes him bored with his seemingly one-dimensional life. All of particular things that make Milo so bored relate back to his education—or lack thereof.

What is the meaning of Faintly Macabre's story?

On the surface, the Which's tale seems like a straightforward history of the Lands Beyond. However, there is much more to her account. In fact it is largely an allegory: a story that mimics a real one by changing some basics, such as character names and settings. Faintly's story is really about the problems with education present in Juster's real world, namely that the different disciplines, number and letters, have become so busy fighting over which is more important that they've forgotten about the big picture. The basic wisdom of common sense, represented by Rhyme and Reason, has been lost because of this foolish conflict, and nonsense has begun to run amok. It is up to young student like Milo, as Faintly suggests, to bridge this gap and restore wisdom to the land.

Why does the Humbug come along on Milo's journey?

The most obvious reason is because King Azaz tells him to. The Humbug, who is a horrible suck-up, has been dancing around the argument over the princesses and trying to take both sides. So when Azaz decides to send Milo on the quest, he is under the erroneous impression that the Humbug has volunteered for the job. Still, this leaves the question of why Juster would chose to have such an obviously unlikable character tag along with his heroes, Milo and Tock. The most likely answer lies in the relationship between Tock and the Humbug; the two characters are basically opposites. In creating these opposing forces, Juster creates a more realistic educational environment for Milo. As much as he is learning from Tock (and the other teacher-characters in the Lands Beyond) the Humbug is always there trying to hold him back or to convince him that it is more important to seem like one is smart than to actually be smart.

Why does Milo fail at conducting Chroma's orchestra?

Milo assumes that the musicians in the orchestra will simply know what to do since, according to Chroma himself, they have been at their jobs since the dawn of time. It does seem strange that they do not know better than to make the sky turn red or plants turn orange. Chroma, the conductor, represents order and discipline without which nonsense would reign supreme. He provides an underlying structure and discipline that, though not immediately apparent, is crucial to the orchestra's functioning. Milo, being uneducated in the ways of conducting and lacking discipline himself, is unable to provide this for the orchestra, and, thus, everything falls apart when he tries to play conductor.

Suggested Essay Topics

What lessons could the Soundkeeper learn from Dischord and Dynne?

Why does Faintly Macabre remain in prison, despite knowing how to escape?

Who might the anonymous sender of the tollbooth be? What reasons would he or she have to send it to Milo?

What would the King of Wisdom—Azaz and the Mathemagician's father—think of the state of things in the Lands Beyond? Would he be pleased with the way his sons have been looking after the kindgom?

What would have happened to Milo if Tock had not shown up in the Doldrums? Would he have stayed there forever?

Discipline Case

Discipline Case

Essay Discipline Case and over other 25,000+ free term papers, essays and research papers examples are available on the website!

Autor: leslieliau • July 14, 2013 • Essay • 1,070 Words (5 Pages) • 197 Views

This essay is to explain discipline to you and what it means to me and what it means to everyone. I will be covering discipline and what it means both definition and in my opinion. I will be giving three examples of both good and bad discipline. My examples of good shall include writing a long paper or essay and how it does take discipline, drive and determination to write and research. Soldiers like Special Forces and Rangers and the very hard training they go through, like selection or ranger selection. The time spent away from the ones we love during said training like AIT or basic training. Basic training consists of 10 weeks and AIT consists of 14 weeks. Selection and the Q course consists of almost 2 years. My examples of bad shall include people that quit because they want an easier way out, nothing in life that is worth it isn't easy. Rebellious teenagers that have to act out just because they think that they have a problem with authority and positive role models. People who are always getting in trouble is another example of bad discipline, rather they be getting in trouble because of lack of listening or just lack of caring, both lack discipline.This essay will then close with my conclusion on discipline. I will recap on the topics I have touched along with my final statements on it.

A first good example about discipline is writing this essay. Discipline to take the time away from the 4 of July weekend to research and write this essay. The group have gotten in trouble for a few people that do not have discipline or follow rules, and the group got punished for it. The group know that the military believes in mass punishments because they believe disciplined soldiers will help undisciplined soldiers work on their discipline and military manners. But most of the time those undisciplined soldiers do not like to listen to other soldiers when trying to help them out or keep them in line. Some people might not write the essay but the few with discipline will write this essay and explained what discipline is. Discipline is a training to act in accordance with rules. Rules that us as US Army soldiers have to follow and maintain every day in our military career. Being in the military requires you to have discipline to be able to succeed in your military career. Soldiers like the ones in Ranger or Special Forces training require a lot of discipline to be able to succeed in their careers, to be able to succeed in all their training and make selection and the Q course. It is also that same discipline that brings those teams and individual soldiers home alive. Only soldiers with discipline are able to stay focus and succeed with the hard training they go through. I believe every single soldier going through BCT and AIT should look up to those soldiers going through all the hard training and their discipline. Just like the discipline that they have after having to leave our love ones for long periods of time to go through BCT and AIT. Some leaving their wives/husbands and kids

IELTS essay about lack of discipline among youngsters - IELTS

IELTS essay about lack of discipline among youngsters IELTS essay topic

Children are becoming undisciplined. Discuss the causes of this problem and suggest solutions.

Sample response

Lack of discipline among youngsters is one of the biggest problems that we face today. Children don’t listen to their parents or teachers and often indulge in activities that are harmful to them as well as the society.

There are many causes of indiscipline among youngsters. The emergence of nuclear families is one of them. In nuclear families, children are the center of attraction. Parents cater to their whims and fancies. Pampered children are more likely to grow into undisciplined youngsters. They don’t take responsibility for their actions. They throw tantrums when they don’t get what they want. They don’t appreciate the hard work their parents put in to bring them up. They simply hate authority.

The situation is worse in families where both parents work. Children are often left under the supervision of a baby sitter who may or may not be competent enough to perform the job. When parents are busy and do not keep tab on their children, they are sowing the seeds of indiscipline.

Teachers have also lost the respect and authority they used to enjoy. Nowadays the relationship between the teacher and the student has become very shallow. Teachers are under tremendous pressure to complete the syllabus. As a result, they cannot impart value based education. This causes students to go astray. The media also glorify acts of violence and rebellion. Youngsters are highly impressionable. They get influenced by all that they see and hear.

There is no denying the fact that indiscipline among young people has become a social malady. This is a major cause for concern. Children are the future of a nation. They cannot be allowed to indulge in destructive activities. Parents and teachers need to monitor their activities and show them the right path whenever they go astray. The media can also play an important role in inculcating values in children.

Discipline in Charles Dickens’ - david Copperfield

Discipline in Charles Dickens’ "david Copperfield"

By: Mike • Essay • 1,234 Words • November 25, 2009 • 587 Views

Essay title: Discipline in Charles Dickens’ "david Copperfield"

In "David Copperfield", Charles Dickens reveals that discipline is like a weapon: those who misuse it are cruel, unjust, and a danger to everyone around them, while those who fail to use it at all endanger themselves and lower their defenses. Only those who use discipline properly can mature and live contentedly in this world. Extremists of any kind are unsuccessful, and never achieve fulfillment. As David embarks on his quest to maturity, he sees many different types of people, and learns through his experiences that balance is a necessary prerequisite for success. This need for balance and discipline can be observed in the names Dickens chooses for his characters, in his choice of wives for David, and also in his writing style.

In many of his novels, Dickens suggests the personal qualities of his characters using their names. The name Micawber plays on the word "macabre". True to his name, Mr. Micawber is "deathly" and "gloomy" as a consequence of his impoverished lifestyle. Mr. Micawber does not even show a glimmer of hope for success until the very end of the novel, when he decides to alter his lifestyle and move to the middle class. He no longer avoids creditors, and stops changing his name; finally, he finds happiness through self-discipline and responsibility.

Another one of Dickens' characters whose name reveals his significance is James Steerforth. James "steers forth" others to do his bidding in such a charming way that no one knows that his true motives are selfish. Steerforth is selfish and deceiving, but does not exhibit any discipline in his own life: he is always thinking of himself, and never about how others may be affected by his decisions. Due to Steerforth's undisciplined manner, his is fated to meet an early death.

Mr. Murdstone's name is also significant, because it blends together the words "murder" and "stone". Mr. Murdstone can be thought of as the cause behind Mrs. Copperfield's death, and is a perfect example of misuse of discipline; he constantly physically abuses David as a means of disciplining him. Dickens' strong disapproval of this violent manner of discipline is made evident in a number of his novels. However, "while Murdstone's severity destroys the personality, spoiling children is equally destructive in failing to discipline the mind" (Glancy, 83). Dickens shows equal distaste for lack of discipline through the character of Dora Spenlow, David's first wife, who is meant only to be "adored". Dora "is a favorite child of nature" who has never felt anything of "mental suffering [or] trial" (504). She is a mere child, one who has not experienced discipline of the mind and is therefore very immature and defenseless; like Steerforth, she is a casualty of a lack of discipline and defense.

Dickens' choice of wives for David also reveal the effects that discipline, or the lack thereof, can have on an individual. Throughout the novel, David displays the emotions of a rather "undisciplined heart". At one point, David thinks to himself:

For I knew now that my own heart was undisciplined when it first loved Dora; and that if it had been disciplined, it never could have felt, when we were married what it had in its secret experience. I had endeavored to adapt Dora to myself, and found it impracticable. It remained for me to adapt myself to Dora (647).

David recognizes that his heart is undisciplined for loving Dora, who is so childish and undisciplined herself; however, he does nothing to remedy the situation. Because he lacks discipline, he abandons his defenses and leaves himself vulnerable to disaster. "Decidedly he is not 'the hero of his own story'"(Gissing) and he is "blind, blind, blind" (467) because he does not have enough discipline to find someone to "sustain and improve him" (467); instead, he is married to Dora, who has "childlike beauty" (Needham, 47) and little else. Since David refuses to exhibit proper discipline, he cannot achieve contentment. He shows his discontent and misunderstanding of discipline when he thinks:

This is the discipline to which I [try] to bring my heart. It made my second year much happier than my first; and what was better still, made Dora's life all sunshine(647).

However, after the doomed Dora dies because of her lack of discipline, David finds a second wife in Agnes Wickfield, who has exhibited discipline throughout her entire life. Finally, "his domestic joy [is] perfect, [he has] been married for ten happy years" (810). In choosing Agnes for a wife, David has shown great discipline and discretion, and

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Emmanuel Adebayor criticised for lack of discipline by new Togo coach

Emmanuel Adebayor criticised for lack of discipline by new Togo coach

The new Togo coach Tom Saintfiet has accused the captain Emmanuel Adebayor of a lack of discipline after he failed to join up with the squad on time ahead of their opening Africa Cup of Nations qualifier next weekend.

“I saw him on Wednesday and Friday but he is not at the hotel,” the Belgian coach told a news conference in Lomé on Friday. “He is among the important players for the team but I cannot work with them when they are not in the squad. They should have the same discipline as others.”

Togo take on Liberia in Lomé on Sunday in a Group A fixture that marks the start of their qualifying campaign for the 2017 Nations Cup finals. Adebayor’s club, Tottenham, have given him compassionate leave twice last season to return to Africa to deal with an unusual family feud that the striker has discussed on social media.

Two other key Togo players, the goalkeeper Kossi Agassa from the French club Reims, and the midfielder Floyd Ayité from another French side, Bastia, had also not yet turned up for preparations, Saintfiet added.

“To me, discipline is very important in life. And that’s what I am already trying to impregnate in the team. Discipline is important both for the players, the staff, etc. Discipline is everything to me. All players must be proud to be selected and accept the rules. I want each player to know it’s special to be selected for his country.

“I have no problem with any player. Already I do not know everyone yet so I cannot begin to know who is who and who does what. Since we assembled on Sunday, I’m happy to have those who are there,” he added. Saintfiet was appointed last month as coach of the west African nation.

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Juvenile Delinquency essay topics, buy custom Juvenile Delinquency essay paper sample cheap, service

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Juvenile delinquency has been on the rise in England in the recent times. In reference to Coleman and Moynihan (1996), delinquency is a violation of laws (usually by juveniles). However, there are many cases where the term 'delinquency' is used to refer to any kind of youthful misconduct. In the United States of America, 'status offences' refers to offenses that are committed by persons in a specific age category (p.164). More broadly, one might add that delinquency implies the notion of a fallen or subterranean character.

In order to understand why there are high numbers of children in custody in England today it is important to reassess the nature of construction of their childhood historically and also the path taken by their social, cultural and economical lives. Another important aspect that needs to be considered is the law of the country. Notably, there is an immense need to look at, and probably even modify the acts and punishments known for juvenile crime. Furthermore, another aspect that plays a vital role in the increase in rate of juvenile crime is the media. Importantly, the media is a great influential part in the life of a child, which can also have negative effects.

The first phase of a new life is childhood. It is the most delicate facet of one's existence. Note that at this stage in life, there is important nourishment that a child needs to be fed on; physically, emotionally and spiritually. Similarly if a child is not brought up with all the love, care, affection, discipline, etc. he or she might take a wrong path in life which may also lead to issues like crime. In this regard, the family has been long been blamed for juvenile delinquency. Family experiences contribute to mental illness, child abuse and sexual crimes. Reith lecturer Edmand Leach (1967) stated that 'Far from being the basis of good society, the family with its narrow privacy and tawdry secrets is the source of all our discontents' (Fletcher 1988, p.10). Therefore, research indicates that the family is among the greatest contributors to youth crimes.

There are different causes of youth crime that have been identified so far. Among these causes are; inadequate childcare (lack of a warm relationship, lack of stimulation, lack of attention, lack of discipline, lack of example, lack of permanence, lack of educational support), broken families, family sizes, peer groups and poverty. Arguably, parents who are unable to provide their children with constant affection, stimulation, consistent and fair discipline and good models of behavior, are not equipping them with the capacities to relate with others, to develop their educational and social skills, to cope with authority, and to form the kinds of values which tend to hold them back from illegal behavior (Holman 1995). On the other hand, Children whose lives are disrupted by separation from one or both parents, by frequent moves between different careers, by removal into public care, do not necessarily become delinquent. But they are at a greater risk than children whose lives are marked by stability.

The tightening laws have also contributed to the increased rate of children in custody in England. Essentially, the government of the United Kingdom has been working on different law mechanisms to ensure that crime is reduced within its societies. As a result, most children who have found themselves on the wrong side of the law have been netted and put in custody in order to reprimand them. On the other hand, one can also argue that there is an exaggerated figure on the rate of youth crime in the United Kingdom. In this regard, the mass media reported negative information on the youth than it was necessary. Similarly, the figures on the rate of children in custody were inflated by the mass media. Whereas these figures were critical to policymakers and the public at large, they were capable of causing the young people to commit crime. The table below shows how the media (in this case newspaper) talks about the youth today. With these kinds of articles the media not only exaggerates about the youth crime rate but also leads to a negative influence on others.

Newspaper articles about young people

Source: MORI (1-7 August 2005)

The focus on crime in the United Kingdom and among most nations across the globe has been on adults. Apparently, adult are more likely to commit crime as compared to children and the young people in the society. However, the statistics that have been collected recently on crime indicate that the number of children who have found a home in custody after committing crime has increased tremendously. According to Nacro (2009), while the number of young people aged 15 - 17 years who received a reprimand, final warning or conviction for an indictable offence grew by 20% between 2003 and 2007, the equivalent increase for younger children aged 10 - 14 years was 31% as opposed to 3% between 1988-2002 (Nacro 2007). Furthermore, there have been arguments that young people and children commit low level crimes.

It is also important to mention the fact that offense and crime among children may be contributed by some factors in the society. For instance, most of the children who were incarcerated in the United Kingdom mentioned that they had been abused prior to being put into custody. According to Day, Hibbert & Cadman (2008, p.6), A significant number of the studies reviewed, from the UK and elsewhere, indicate that anywhere between 33% and 92% of children in custody had experienced some form of maltreatment, and the figure in relation to sexual abuse among girls in custody was particularly noticeable. In this regard, there is a correlation between serious and ongoing abuse and serious offending among children. It is also important to mention that the government has developed intervention measures to improve on its approach towards dealing with crime among children in the United Kingdom.

Percentage of Custodial Sentences

Merthyr Tydfil - 14 custodial sentences, 111 convictions

Liverpool - 156 custodial sentences, 1,321 convictions

Ealing - 55 custodial sentences, 495 convictions

Leeds - 229 custodial sentences, 2,162 convictions

Dorset - 10 custodial sentences, 540 convictions

Buckinghamshire - 9 custodial sentences, 469 convictions

Newcastle - 32 custodial sentences, 1,494 convictions

To begin with, programs such as Youth Justice focus on factors that affect the education, development, upbringing and protection of young people especially from abuse or exploitation; highlighting on training, personal development and access to justice as well as other public services. The Youth Justice System (YJS) rests on the same broad tenets, structures and general laws as the adult Criminal Justice System (CJS), with analogous approaches to anti social behavior through with many special provision, powers and variations. The Youth Offending Panel (YOP) is a local statutory panel which is responsible for devising an action plan in relation to a juvenile referred to it by the youth court (Gibson 2009, p.180).

Following the increasing numbers of children held in Custody in the UK, notably there have been several causes that have been attributed to the increase. As such, the upbringing of the children, environment and the nature of the law within the country has been associated with the number of juveniles in custody. As a matter of fact, the number of juveniles in custody has been attributed to the causes of poverty. In this sense, poverty has to do with the deprivation of the social amenities. As well, lack of food, education and other basic needs may contribute to children's anti-social behavior leading to their engagement in issues of stealing and other related criminal behaviors.

Furthermore if children are not in education, they end up being idle and as a consequence, the only option for them becomes their engagement in crime and drug abuse, an aspect that drives them into the hands of the police and thus they end up in custody. In this context, UK has been labeled amongst the places in the western world whereby child poverty is prevalent. This is attributed to the fact that there are many children from homes whereby the households are below poverty line. This is to suggest that it is not easy for such households to provide their children with good care, education and equally important feed them.

Arguably, amongst such children theft is very high. According to Narco (2009), the reported crimes by youths mostly take in offenses like theft among others with a very small percentage committing serious crimes. For instance, it was found that in 2007 theft, burglary, fraud or forgery, criminal damage and handling stolen goods were mostly committed by the young people (Narco 2009, p.4). These kinds of offenses are mostly driven by issues of poverty.

Given that poverty is eminent in UK, it is important to state that the possibility of children being unemployed due to lack job opportunities is inevitable. As well, children may not be able to access high social standards and as a result, they have to live in poor houses whereby they become vulnerable to illicit behaviors.

Accordingly, there is the aspect of children turning into drug abuse an aspect that is prohibited by the UK government. Income poverty is a common problem in UK and as such, it has been accompanied by expensive life in UK. Due to life being expensive together with low income, poverty is prevalent and as such it leads to many of the children responding by becoming drug abusers and in the larger perspective committing crime. Another point to note is that children belonging to immigrants live in poor conditions which facilitate them to commit crime.

In addition, children of the immigrants are targeted by the police due to institutional racism in the criminal Justice System. It is likely that the immigrant children will commit crime due to their poor conditions of living. Poverty, when combined by the strict measures taken by the courts to curb the increased Youth delinquency, translates to increased numbers of youths being held in custody since it is unavoidable for them to commit crime due to the nature of their environment and the mode of upbringing.

At the same time, children from poor backgrounds long to have the things that they see in wealthy families. Given that they are incapacitated to have the same things, they opt to apply force in order that they may get them. So to speak, they find themselves in crime and as a result of the tightened law in England, they end up in custody (Muncie 2009). Usually, those individuals from poor families do not receive education and as a result, their chances of being employed are so few that they do not have income. Due to this, their children have developed a tendency to engage in crime as a means of survival along with abusing of drugs.

In connection to this point, it has been argued that the Youth Justice System in England has been associated with poor record of compliance with the UNCRC while neglecting the interests of children (Stationery Office &Great Britain: Parliament: Joint Committee on Human Rights 2009,p.30). Needless to say, the youth policy, legislation and practice have been revealed as to have some loopholes that neglect the best interests of children. Another thing to note is that children with learning disabilities, mental problems and those that commit non-violent crimes were found to be in custody (Stationery Office &Great Britain: Parliament: Joint Committee on Human Rights 2009, p.30). This has been associated with a misguided way of police handling juvenile offenders. A juvenile offender should not be taken to custody and as such, custody should be the last resort in this context by any court. Yet, most of the courts have been holding children in custody in order to meet the government sanction detection target.

Notably, ASBOs measures used on children has as well contributed to the increased number of juveniles in custody. Again in this context, children seeking asylum have been noted as to experience a great aspect of their rights being breached in the name of immigration control rather than considering the place of human rights (Muncie 2009). In line with this point, increased numbers of children in custody can be attributed to inadequate child care which entails the issues of discipline and educational support. Owing to this point, the children who face a limited child care, have a tendency to engage in unlawful behaviors that land them in custody.

Apart from this point, broken families have been associated with children committing crimes. As such, this is given to the point that children become internally displaced and as a result of the violence they witness between their parents, it is inevitable that they as well extent the violence which bring them into custody. Accordingly, the separation of the parents brings about the separation of the children which may lead to the children misbehaving and engaging in unwanted behaviors since there may be no one to discipline them. Broken families may lead to traumatic effect to the lives of children of which they often respond by engaging in crime. This is as a result of the stress they experience. They alleviate it by engaging in drugs for some and eventually they end up committing crimes. This potentially contributes to the increased numbers of children in custody. In relation to this point, peer pressure is a contributing factor to the increased numbers of children committing crime. In this way, if a child happens to be in a company of other children either taking drugs, abusing other children sexually and generally committing crime, it is inevitable that the child may be influenced to practice the same things his or her peers practice.

According to Nacro (2009), racial institutionalization has been pointed out as a main cause of the increased numbers of children in custody. Following this point, black or black British children have been pointed out as some of the offenders who are less likely to receive pre-court disposal and thus more likely to be held in custody. Arguably, in 2007/2008, black or black British children accounted for 3 percent of the general 10-17 population while on the other hand making 7 percent of those that had to be attended to by the Youth justice System (Nacro, 2009, p.5). Of them 14 percent received custodial sentence and as such this reflected that there was the issue of discrimination in the YJS.

In relation to this point, UK public in the past revealed an increased concern over the youth delinquency which resulted to pressurization to impose tougher measures which are directed to both control criminal activities by young people and on the other hand curb behaviors which are perceived to be antisocial and threatening. In connection to this, England's policy responses have been associated with an aspect of carrying out a retribution and retaliatory. The increased number of juveniles in custody is closely associated with the imposition of the custodial sentences by courts rather than recorded increases in the number of juveniles committing crimes. Again in this context, detention of children in custody is has been associated with the fact that court powers to issue detention and training orders have been increased a factor that has contributed to more children being held in custody even when their crimes do not deserve.

Remarkably, youths who are likely to commit crime resulting to them being held in custody, have been pointed out as to either have family issues like breakups and domestic violence along with large sizes of family. Along with this point, lack of education has been associated with low income and poor conditions of living which translate to engagement in criminal acts. The factors of community makeup and the influences of the community along with personal factors have also been cited as sources of delinquent behavior

The growing number of children offenders in customer in the United Kingdom has raised alarming signals among people and the criminal justice system as a whole. In this respect, there has been an increased need to devise intervention measures to reverse this trend as well as prevent recidivism. Whereas most children have found themselves in custody, early intervention measures could have prevented this and in some cases, the gravity of the crime committed could have been controlled with proper measures in place. In this respect, there are different intervention measures that have been put in place to lessen the effect of crime among children and the youth in the society. Note that the high number of children in custody in England has been criticized by the UN Committee and by the Human Rights Commission (Stationery Office & Great Britain: Parliament: Joint Committee on Human Rights 2009, p.30).

One of the strategies that are currently used by the United Kingdom to cub the high rate of children in custody is the use of Anti-Social Behavior Order or ASBO. ASBO can be defined as a social order that was imposed on people who had shown some evidence of engaging in antisocial behavior in England, as a way of restricting them from committing further offense. Notably, an Anti-Social Behaviour Order (ASBO) can be used against anyone who is 10 years of age or over and has behaved in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to someone or some people who do not live in their own household (Youth Justice Board 2011). When a child under the age of 10 years or a young person is given an ASBO, he or she is restricted from visiting certain places which may induce him or her to commit a crime. Failure to comply with the requirements of the ASBO would warrant for prosecution of the victim. In this regard therefore, the United Kingdom government has been able to avert some crime that could have been committed by children and the young people.

Rehabilitation of children offenders has also been enhanced in the United Kingdom as an intervention measure. In this regard, the children or rather young offenders who had completed their terms in custody were more likely to commit crime after being released from custody. Remarkably, most child offenders were unable to join the community and continue with their lives in a normal way. This was contributed by stereotypes against them from the general society and the inability to catch up with children and young people of their age. As a result of this, rehabilitating these kinds of offenders was vital to the government as a way of reducing crime in the society. In reference to Ministry of Justice (2010, p.24), the right way to improve public safety and reduce the number of victims is to reduce reoffending. Therefore, there are child programs that have been created in order to address the specific needs of children in custody as well as when they are released from custody back into the society (Davis & McMahon 2007, p.95-96). Similar programs include community sentencing which reduced offending by a substantive margin. These programs were more effective but less costly.

The rate of children in custody in England has been rising at a very high rate. Whereas these rates were recorded among the young people towards the end of the 20 th century, the beginning of the 21 st century has recorded an increased number of children who commit crime and as a result are put in custody. In consistent with this, there are major causes of the rising rates of crime among children that have been identified. These include poverty issues, peer pressure among children and the young people, poor parenting, and stringent national laws that are currently being implemented to cub crime in the society.

In consistent with this, there are different intervention measures that have been implemented to ensure that the rate of children who commit crime is reduced as well as reducing recidivism. Note that the research that had been carried out found out that most children and young people who were incarcerated committed an offense within two years after being released from custody. Therefore, implementing these intervention programs and strategies have proved to be effective, especially in deterring children and the young people from committing crime and rehabilitating those who have been convicted of crime offenses.

Research indicates that most children who committed crime had a background that was characterized by poor parenting at one point or the other in their lives. For instance, most parents concentrated much on their work and careers while giving less attention to their own children. As a result of this, most children found themselves under the care of housemaids and relatives who did not care much about the social, physical, character and emotional development of these children. In this respect, the government should reexamine its laws and regulations regarding work and work leaves in order to give as much time as possible to parent so that they can care for their children. Furthermore, parents need to be enlightened and encouraged to spend more time with their children as this would serve as an opportunity to teach them good morals and solve problems that are detected among these children at an early stage before they become chronic.

Similarly, the government intervention should address prevention needs of these problems rather than trying to solve them when they are at a chronic stage. In consistent with this, there is need to introduce programs that would enlighten children on the importance of observing the laws while at the same time avoiding issues that would involve them in these crimes. Therefore, programs that target schools and other educational institutions such as drug prevention programs, etc should be enhanced since they are powerful intervention and prevention tools of crime.

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